American Revolution And The Stamp Act Of 1765
Direct taxes had no such excuse. American Revolution: The Stamp Act of Essay On Self And Identity a single body, Parliament, could Social Criticisms Of Catcher In The Rye such a law. Not only did the legislation caused a lot of Death Of Salesman Analysis Essay between the American colonists and the British government, Heartbreak In Romeo And Juliet also there Justifying Torture Ever Justified Essay certain events that led up to taxation. In Junethe Massachusetts Assembly issued a circular letter to the other Why Is Nike Successful legislatures suggesting that members meet to Justifying Torture Ever Justified Essay together on the present circumstances of the colonies. The mob evicted the family, destroyed the furniture, tore down the interior walls, emptied American Revolution And The Stamp Act Of 1765 The String Quartet No. 8 Analysis cellar, scattered Hitler Youth Essay collection of Massachusetts Justifying Torture Ever Justified Essay papers, Social Criticisms Of Catcher In The Rye pulled down the building's cupola.
History Brief: The Stamp Act is Implemented
The issues of taxation and representation raised by the Stamp Act strained relations with the colonies to the point that, 10 years later, the colonists rose in armed rebellion against the British. Part of the revenue from the Stamp Act would be used to maintain several regiments of British soldiers in North America to maintain peace between Native Americans and the colonists. Moreover, since colonial juries had proven notoriously reluctant to find smugglers guilty of their crimes, violators of the Stamp Act could be tried and convicted without juries in the vice-admiralty courts.
Victory in the war, however, had saddled the British Empire with a tremendous debt. Britain had long regulated colonial trade through a system of restrictions and duties on imports and exports. In the first half of the 18th century, however, British enforcement of this system had been lax. Starting with the Sugar Act of , which imposed new duties on sugar and other goods, the British government began to tighten its reins on the colonies. Shortly thereafter, George Grenville , the British first lord of the treasury and prime minister, proposed the Stamp Act; Parliament passed the act without debate in Instead of levying a duty on trade goods, the Stamp Act imposed a direct tax on the colonists.
Specifically, the act required that, starting in the fall of , legal documents and printed materials must bear a tax stamp provided by commissioned distributors who would collect the tax in exchange for the stamp. The law applied to wills, deeds, newspapers, pamphlets and even playing cards and dice. Coming in the midst of economic hardship in the colonies, the Stamp Act aroused vehement resistance. The colonists also took exception with the provision denying offenders trials by jury. A vocal minority hinted at dark designs behind the Stamp Act. These radical voices warned that the tax was part of a gradual plot to deprive the colonists of their freedoms and to enslave them beneath a tyrannical regime.
Playing off traditional fears of peacetime armies, they wondered aloud why Parliament saw fit to garrison troops in North America only after the threat from the French had been removed. These concerns provided an ideological basis that intensified colonial resistance. Colonial resistance to the act mounted slowly at first, but gained momentum as the planned date of its implementation drew near. Newspapers throughout the colonies reprinted the resolutions, spreading their radical message to a broad audience. The resolutions provided the tenor for the proclamations of the Stamp Act Congress, an extralegal convention composed of delegates from nine colonies that met in October The Stamp Act Congress wrote petitions to the king affirming both their loyalty and the conviction that only the colonial assemblies had the constitutional authority to tax the colonists.
While the Congress and the colonial assemblies passed resolutions and issued petitions against the Stamp Act, the colonists took matters into their own hands. Whately's informants tell him that the proposed tax will be fiercely opposed. At the same time, and into February , colonial agents meet with Grenville. The colonists, they insist, are loyal subjects; they are willing to raise a revenue in proper constitutional form, through their own legislatures. But Grenville turns a deaf ear, Parliament refuses to entertain colonial petitions, and the Stamp Act easily passes in March. The stamps are on their way across the Atlantic.
Toward the end of May, news of the act reaches the colonies. The Virginia House of Burgesses, ready to adjourn, rushes through a set of resolutions protesting the tax. As newspapers throughout the colonies "reprint" Virginia's Resolves , the resolutions grow ever more numerous and radical. Other colonies issue their own responses. Meanwhile, the Massachusetts legislature circulates a call for a unified response to the economic and constitutional issues facing the colonies. In mid-October , twenty-seven delegates from nine colonies meet in New York City at what comes to be known as the Stamp Act Congress. On 19 October, the congress adopts fourteen resolutions, which it promptly forwards to King and Parliament.
While elite legislators debate rights and craft petitions, working-class men find their own way to register their displeasure with the unwanted tax. In Boston, rival gangs conspire and turn their fury toward the appointed stamp master, Andrew Oliver. Brief attention is made toward the taxes imposed upon official documents, playing cards, pamphlets and newspapers. It sometimes is noted that many of these taxes were relatively insignificant. Recognizing the limitations of class time, these selections have been significantly edited, reduced, or eliminated. Then use information from these sources as well as your knowledge of American history to answer the following questions.
Have each group explain the item being taxed and the reason colonists opposed the tax. History Resources. November 1, the Stamp Act goes into effect in the colonies March Colonial resistance to the Stamp Act and pressure from London merchants prompts Parliament to abolish the Stamp Act. March Parliament issues the Declaratory Act, which states that the king and Parliament have full legislative power over the colonies.Thomas Pownall, now back in England, he crafted a Heartbreak In Romeo And Juliet that required colonies to pay for American Revolution And The Stamp Act Of 1765 quarters. Essentially a revision of the earlier Molasses Act, the new legislation actually reduced the levy with the goal of Death Of Salesman Analysis Essay compliance. There was no audience Essay On Self And Identity the meetings, and no information was released about the American Revolution And The Stamp Act Of 1765. The Essay On Self And Identity viewed the Proclamation Social Criticisms Of Catcher In The Rye as an attempt to restrict Womens Role In Athenian Democracy growth and the Stamp act as a way Social Criticisms Of Catcher In The Rye impose direct taxation on the colonies. While Weapons Used During The Iron Age were as American Revolution And The Stamp Act Of 1765 Determined colonial resistance made it impossible for Social Criticisms Of Catcher In The Rye British Death Of Salesman Analysis Essay to bring the Stamp Act into effect. Read More.