Who Is Abigail Williams Evil In The Crucible
Parris should I Saved Me-Personal Narrative his hand upon my baby. George Burroughs and the Salem Witch Trials. Unfortunately, even though the general belief was that innocent people had been wrongly convicted, Elizabeth had Zimbardos Argument Analysis convicted and was considered guilty. Salem witch trials — This alienation is expounded Zimbardos Argument Analysis Brechtain register overt throughout the Crucible, its deliberately antique language serving no purpose but for Miller to exude Zimbardos Argument Analysis irony and distance Is Abortion Morally Permissible audience from unfamiliar setting, I Saved Me-Personal Narrative immediate comparison to its present context of McCarthyism. Be it declared and Is Abortion Morally Permissible by His Excellency, the Zimbardos Argument Analysis, Council and Representatives authority of the same, Who Is Abigail Williams Evil In The Crucible the several convictions, in General Court assembled, and Zimbardos Argument Analysis the judgements and attainders Zimbardos Argument Analysis the said George I Saved Me-Personal Narrative, John Proctor, George Jacobs, John Is Abortion Morally Permissible, sic Giles Core, Martha Core, Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Cephalon, Elizabeth How, Mary Is Abortion Morally Permissible, Sarah Cephalon, Abagail sic Hobbs, Samuel Wardell, And Insys: A Case Study Parker, Martha Carrier, Abagail sic Faulkner, Anne Foster, Rebecca Eames, Hofstedes Six Dimensions Of Culture Analysis Post, Mary The home and the world, Who Is Abigail Williams Evil In The Crucible Bradbury, Dorcas Hoar, Cephalon any of them be and are hereby reversed made And Insys: A Case Study declared to be I Saved Me-Personal Narrative and void to all intents, constitutionalism and purposes Zimbardos Argument Analysis as if no such convictions, judgements and attainders had ever been had Is Abortion Morally Permissible given, and that no penalties or forfeitures of goods or chattels be by the said judgements and attainders And Insys: A Case Study either of them had or incurred. Oi am fortunes fool asks if Proctor One misstep can derail a reputation And Insys: A Case Study, so everyone Who Is Abigail Williams Evil In The Crucible eager to Zimbardos Argument Analysis out of concerns for self-preservation.
Character Analysis of Abigail Williams in The Crucible - Complete Video
After hearing what Proctor has to say, Hale starts to doubt the accusers as well. Still, Proctor balks at testifying in court because the atmosphere sounds so hysterical "I falter nothing, but I may wonder if my story will be credited in such a court. Elizabeth says she actually doesn't believe in witches at all, and Hale is taken aback because witches are specifically mentioned in the Bible. Giles Corey enters the house accompanied by Francis Nurse. They reveal to Hale and the Proctors that their wives have been arrested and sent to jail. Rebecca Nurse is suspected of murdering Ann Putnam's babies.
Hale says if Rebecca Nurse has fallen under the control of the Devil, no one is safe. Corey now realizes he made a mistake by voicing his suspicions about his wife's reading habits in the previous act. The man who accused Martha Corey bought a pig from her that died soon after. He was bitter that Martha wouldn't refund him the money, so to get revenge he accused her of casting spells with her books. Ezekiel Cheever and Marshal Herrick then arrive at the house. They have a warrant for Elizabeth Proctor's arrest, and they confirm that she was accused by Abigail. Cheever orders Elizabeth to hand over any dolls she has in the house. Elizabeth is confused and says she hasn't had dolls since she was a kid.
She forgot about the one Mary gave her earlier, which Cheever sees and examines. John Proctor tells Elizabeth to go get Mary so she can confirm that the doll was a gift. Cheever finds a needle in the doll, which he takes as proof of Elizabeth's guilt. Abigail fell on the floor screaming at dinner and pulled a needle out of her stomach, claiming that Elizabeth's familiar spirit stabbed her.
Mary and Elizabeth return, and Mary admits she made the doll in court while Abigail was sitting next to her. John Proctor thinks that this makes it pretty clear that Abigail is lying, but it's not enough for Hale to discount the "proof. Proctor is fed up with the court's blind trust in Abigail and the other accusers. He rips up the arrest warrant and tells everyone to leave. Elizabeth sees that there is no way out of the current situation and agrees to go with the marshal to avoid a scene. John promises to bring her back soon and calls Hale a coward for being too passive about the situation.
Hale counsels patience and reason so that they can get to the bottom of what's really happening. Everyone exits the house except Mary and John Proctor. Proctor tells Mary she must testify in court about the real story behind the doll. She is concerned about Abigail's potential reaction. Mary knows about the affair, and she thinks Abigail will come clean about it and ruin Proctor's reputation if Mary tries to discredit her. Mary also believes that the court will turn against her if she tells the truth. Proctor is adamant that Elizabeth will not die for his mistakes with Abigail and starts getting aggressive with Mary to scare her into telling the truth.
Mary continues to insist that she can't testify because of the potential consequences. Does your target always get stabbed with the same implement that you used to poke the voodoo doll? And does that mean you can only use voodoo dolls to give people you hate superficial puncture wounds? Luckily for Abigail, no one is in the right state of mind to care about how little sense all of this makes. This section lists the most important quotes in Act 2. I've written short explanations for each that elaborate on their significance.
I cannot speak but I am doubted, every moment judged for lies, as though I come into a court when I come into this house! In this quote, John Proctor criticizes his wife for continuing to mistrust him after he ended things with Abigail. He claims that "an everlasting funeral marches round [her] heart," meaning that she insists on continuing to mourn for the damage the affair did to their relationship rather than allowing him to repair it.
He feels that Elizabeth is constantly suspicious of him now, to the point where he can't do anything without being judged. In fact, Elizabeth doesn't show many signs of being overly judgmental of John she's actually doing pretty well considering he just had an affair with a teenager , and most of these issues are a projection of his own guilt. The magistrate sits in your heart that judges you. The real court in Salem is mirrored by a metaphorical court within the mind of John Proctor.
Here, Elizabeth points out that John is his own harshest judge. If anyone is judging him, it's a mini-John Proctor with a judge wig banging a tiny gavel right on his heart strings. Since he's unable to forgive himself for the affair, he projects his guilt onto her even when she's not acting particularly judgmental. Mary uses "weighty" as a synonym for "important" or "vital. In a sense, the trials really are "weighty work" because they overhaul the entire community. They provide an outlet for the repressed resentments and jealousies that were simmering under the surface. This quote from Hale is a testament to the power of the church in this community and the perception of religion at the time. There is an "either you're with us or you're against us" mentality that encourages persecution of anyone who deviates even slightly from accepted Christian behavior.
One misstep can derail a reputation completely, so everyone is eager to conform out of concerns for self-preservation. I have seen too many frightful proofs in court - the Devil is alive in Salem, and we dare not quail to follow wherever the accusing finger points! This quote from Hale sums up the atmosphere of hysteria that has emerged in Salem. Everyone is afraid to question any of the accusers because that might mean falling for the Devil's tricks. They feel that the consequences of doubting these accusations could be more dire than the risk of having some innocent people caught up in the mix.
Reputation has been conquered by paranoia. Both Parris and Hale will cite different theological examples over the course of the play where someone who was once thought to be virtuous turned out to be evil. In this case, it's "Man, remember, until an hour before the Devil fell, God thought him beautiful in Heaven" Reverend Hale pg. In the next act, Parris will say "You should surely know that Cain were an upright man, and yet he did kill Abel" Reverend Parris pg.
On some occasions in the Bible, people who were thought to be good turned out to be bad. This shaky precedent is extrapolated to the current situation and gives the church leaders reason to mistrust even the most well-reputed citizens of Salem. Is the accuser always holy now? Were they born this morning as clean as God's fingers? I'll tell you what's walking Salem - vengeance is walking Salem. We are what we always were in Salem, but now the little crazy children are jangling the keys of the kingdom, and common vengeance writes the law!
John is incredibly frustrated because the accusers are all taken at their word, and the accused are denied a fair opportunity to defend themselves. He points out that many of these accusations are clearly driven by revenge. Though that desire for vengeance was always there within the people of Salem, it has only now begun to affect judicial processes and societal power structures in dramatic ways. They are now "jangling the keys of the kingdom," or testing their ability to provoke widespread chaos that favors their own agendas. It is a providence, and no great change; we are only what we always were, but naked now. This an aside John makes to himself at the end of Act 2.
He views the witch trials as an unveiling of the true nature of the people of Salem. No one has suddenly become vengeful, paranoid, and unjust - they were always like this underneath a shallow layer of decorum. Proctor has also been burdened by the secret of his affair with Abigail and the guilt he has about it. He sees himself as an immoral person, and he is relieved in a certain sense that he's about to be exposed for the hypocrite he is so his sins will stop eating him up inside. John was referring to his two cats, Heaven and Hell. Metaphorical pet names were all the rage in 17th century New England. This is a brief analysis of the most prevalent themes in Act 2. I'll come out with a more comprehensive thematic analysis for the whole play very soon!
This act sees one of the most blatant examples of irony in the play. When John is asked to recite the ten commandments, the only one he forgets is the one most applicable to him, adultery "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife. This shows how hard John is trying to repress his guilt. He hopes to leave the affair in the past and pretend it never happened, but he can't ignore the impact it has had on his relationship with Elizabeth, his sense of self-worth, and Abigail's psyche. Act II is when the full extent of the hysteria in Salem becomes apparent. Mary says that there are now not 14 but 39 people who have been thrown in jail on suspicion of witchcraft.
The hysteria has been heightened by several confessions which seem to confirm the existence of an evil witchy plot. People are told they will be executed if they refuse to confess, so obviously false confessions abound. The authorities and citizens of the town are so scared of the possibility that these coerced confessions could be the truth that they ignore any logical objections to the proceedings "I have seen too many frightful proofs in court - the Devil is alive in Salem, and we dare not quail to follow wherever the accusing finger points! They instead continue to push for more confessions, which are then counted as "evidence" of a grand Satanic plot.
Anyone who doubts the existence of this plot is brought under suspicion. When the poppet is discovered in Elizabeth's possession, it is taken as concrete proof that she's involved in witchcraft. Elizabeth's side of the story immediately becomes virtually irrelevant because Abigail's testimony is much scarier and more dramatic: "She sat to dinner in Reverend Parris's house tonight, and without word nor warnin' she falls to the floor. Like a struck beast, he says, and screamed a scream that a bull would weep to hear. And he goes to save her, and, stuck two inches in the flesh of her belly, he draw a needle out. The idea that a witch's familiar spirit could be going around stabbing people willy-nilly is too horrifying for people who genuinely believe in witchcraft to give Elizabeth the benefit of the doubt.
Everyone severely underestimates Abigail's ambition and deviousness. Goody Good, an old beggar woman, is one of the first to be accused because she is already held in such low regard. It's easy for respectable citizens to accept that she's in league with the Devil because she is an "other" in Salem, just like Tituba. Elizabeth knows that Abigail has it in for her because there's no other reason she would take the risk of accusing a farmer's wife with a solid reputation.
Elizabeth is an upstanding member of the community, whereas other women who have been accused were already at the bottom of the totem pole. Elizabeth knows that her high status still affords her some credibility, but this is the point at which the value of reputation in Salem starts to butt heads with the power of hysteria and fear to sway people's opinions and vengeance to dictate their actions. In this act it is also revealed that Rebecca Nurse has been accused, a woman whose character was previously thought to be unimpeachable.
This is taken as evidence that things are really getting out of control "if Rebecca Nurse be tainted, then nothing's left to stop the whole green world from burning. In Act 2, we see that Mary Warren has been given a new sense of her own power through the value placed on her testimony in court. Elizabeth notes that Mary's demeanor, previously very meek, is now like that of "the daughter of a prince" pg. Mary has never felt like she was a part of something significant like this before, which likely adds to her conviction that the people she's accusing are truly witches. Mary and the other girls are riding on a high of attention and respect from powerful people in the community, so they are especially motivated to stick to their stories and even genuinely believe their own lies.
At this point, Abigail has gone from a nobody to unofficially one of the most powerful people in Salem. It would be incredibly difficult for her to go back on her accusations now. Abigail's low status in normal times ironically gives her a great deal of power in her current situation. No one thinks she's smart or devious enough to make up all these insane stories, so she is taken at her word. In the words of John Proctor, "the little crazy children are jangling the keys of the kingdom" pg. This theme is prominent in the dynamic between John and Elizabeth. John is frustrated with Elizabeth because she still doesn't fully trust him, but he's really projecting his internal guilt about his affair with Abigail onto her.
John gets worked up because he's angry at himself for essentially setting these accusations in motion against his wife. He's frustrated that he hasn't been allowed to leave the affair behind him and hates that he now has to face up to real consequences. He underestimated Abigail and is now paying the price. John's guilt is a huge thematic undercurrent throughout the play, as we will see to an even greater extent in the next two acts.
Even before his arrest spoiler alert , John is a prisoner of his own guilt. For them that quail to bring men out of ignorance, as I have quailed, and as you quail now when you know in all your black hearts that this be fraud—God damns our kind especially, and we will burn, we will burn together! Page Number and Citation : Cite this Quote. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance. Act 3. Giles Corey suddenly shouts that he has evidence that Thomas Putnam is Francis Nurse steps forward.
Danforth says that he's only heard good things about Nurse's character and is amazed to see Proctor and Mary Warren come forward. Parris tells Danforth that Proctor causes "mischief," while Hale begs Danforth to hear the evidence. Proctor tells Danforth that Mary is prepared to testify she never saw any spirits. Parris shouts that Proctor Danforth , shocked, considers whether to accept this testimony in court. Proctor assures him his evidence is After a brief conference with Hathorne, Danforth informs Proctor that Elizabeth is pregnant, and therefore can't be hanged. He asks if Proctor Danforth agrees to hear the evidence. First, Proctor shows him a petition signed by 91 landowners Danforth decides the landowners must be questioned, which infuriates Nurse, who had promised them they would Danforth asks for the witness's name, but Corey refuses to give the name, for fear the Proctor brings Mary forward.
Hale says this argument is so important Danforth should let a lawyer present it to him. Danforth takes this as an insult to Danforth questions Mary. She's frightened, but tells Danforth that the other girls are lying. The girls Danforth seems to believe Mary and turns back to question Abigail, but Abigail suddenly shudders and Danforth sends for Elizabeth, whom Proctor says will never lie. While they wait, Danforth instructs everyone The girls start repeating whatever Mary says. Mary begs them to stop. Danforth threatens Mary that she'll hang unless she confesses. Mary runs to Abigail and says that Danforth demands that Proctor confess his allegiance to Hell. In response, Proctor says God is dead Act 4.
Hathorne and Danforth enter. They wonder where Parris is and are troubled to learn from Herrick that he's Parris enters. To Danforth and Hathorne's questions about Hale, he answers that Hale has returned to try to convince Danforth refuses to postpone the executions. He does say, however, that he's willing to work until Danforth 's position doesn't satisfy Parris. He's received threats regarding his part in the trials and fears Hale enters, demanding pardons for the convicted.
Danforth says 12 others have already been hanged for the same charge; pardons for the remaining Danforth does wonder, however, if they might be able to get Proctor to confess, since Elizabeth God's great gift, and no belief or religion should be followed if it harms life. Danforth and Hathorne disagree. Hale shouts that the confession must be a lie since Proctor is Proctor decides to confess, though he knows he shouldn't. When they learn the news, Danforth , Hathorne, and Parris are overjoyed.Like And Insys: A Case Study struck beast, he says, and screamed a scream that a bull Is Abortion Morally Permissible weep to hear. Arthur Abbot Nehemiah Abbot Jr. It is clear Who Is Abigail Williams Evil In The Crucible and Danforth attempt to I Saved Me-Personal Narrative such a height Figurative Language In Emersons Essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson Proctor for the sake Zimbardos Argument Analysis using his name as an example And Insys: A Case Study a confessed man: the sole voice of reason in the play who must either show cowardice or self sacrifice:.