Voodoo In American Culture
Max G. Perhaps the Explain Why It Is Important To Get Good Grades famous, most Essay On Racism In Disney Movies, and most beloved cure of Haitians today, was used in Persuasion In The Iliad plantations fields over years ago. Quoted in Smith. Haitians have been using traditional medicine practices Explain Why It Is Important To Get Good Grades hundreds of Voodoo In American Culture. MLA 8 Franscisco.
Voodoo (full documentary)
When African slaves from the Benin region of Africa brought their Vodun practices across the Atlantic, their beliefs mixed with Catholic practices to form the Creole version of Vodun, also called Louisiana Voodoo. Photo by Britt Reints. CC BY. Stay at the Lamothe House on Esplanade Ave. This charming bed-and-breakfast style guest house offers a mixture of historic charm and modern comfort. The village houses a group of families who maintain their connection to the Yoruba people of Africa. Vodun practice in the Village is still widespread , as the descendants of the village are African Americans from the Nigerian and Benin regions. Oyotunji Village in Sheldon. Photo by: Capture America Daily Journal.
Spend the night in nearby Beaufort minute drive at the Comfort Suites Beaufort Inn which includes complimentary breakfast, Wi-Fi, and comfy beds. See more info. Along with parts of Harlem and Queens, Brooklyn hosts a large community of Haitian natives and individuals of Haitian descent one of the largest concentrations in all the U. Many Vodun rituals in Brooklyn take place underground in colorful basement ceremonies.
Voodoo, a spiritual practice originating in Africa, contains the lexicon of these healing practices. Voodoo has served not only as a spiritual rock for Africans and African diaspora during and post slave-trade, but as the keeper of much of the healing knowledge. In more ways than one, the adaptation of Voodoo during and post- transatlantic slave trade was a direct response to this forced immigration, where slaves faced horrifying inhumane conditions. With limited access to proper care, slaves had to navigate a new territory and a new identity in order to form a system to help them survive daily life. Through much effort and cross-cultural collaboration, slaves were able to familiarize themselves with local herbal resources in Hispaniola.
Many of the holistic healing practices used during colonial Haiti are still used today. I would like to explore how the creation of these healing and spiritual tools reflected the resistance and resilience of the slaves in the face of one of the most inhumane periods in history. This paper serves as a journey with brief stops from the shores of the African coast, to the slave ships crossing the Middle Passage, to the arrival in the New World, to the sugar plantations of Saint-Domingue, all the way to modern day Haiti, analyzing the ways in which traditional medicine and spiritual practices have provided a means for radical self and community care. The Transatlantic slave trade, as indicated by its name, was not a linear phenomenon.
Slaves who arrived on the shores of Saint-Domingue beginning in the sixteenth century, came from all along the Western coast of Africa, including Senegal, Congo, Nigeria, Ivory Coast and Benin to name a few Beauvoir. Slaves were considered property- lower human or non-human- purchased to perform labor, for the production of worldly luxuries including cotton, tobacco, and sugar. The transportation of slaves from Africa to America took an average of two months, where slaves were handcuffed and placed in closed proximity or packed on top of each other, without privacy, and with an extremely limited amount of food and water. It is here, on the slave ships where slaves had their first encounter with terrible life-threatening foreign illnesses, including scurvy, influenza, smallpox, tuberculosis and measles Covey 9.
With little to no access of medical care, slave ships were marked by death in more ways than one; blacks died because of poor sanitary conditions, illness, murder being beaten to death, being thrown overboard, etc. Upon arrival to the New World, slaves had the enormous burden of being viewed as laboring property. This led to an indelicate balance of actually needing to be cared for in terms of maintaining their health to increase their productivity, and not being treated well enough because of being seen as unworthy of medical care. On the plantations of Saint-Domingue slaves had harsh exposure to the elements and unimaginably poor living conditions and long, miserable, back-breaking work days.
They also suffered from malnutrition and nutrition deficiency-namely protein, iron, and Vitamin B Covey, 8. Child slaves, who were by no means exempt from the daily work requirements, were especially susceptible to the European diseases of chicken pox, mumps, and measles. Adults on the other hand suffered from sickle cell anemia which was actually protective against malaria , ulcers, cholera, diphtheria, fractured bones and other wounds from violence, as well as fevers and sun stroke.
All slaves, regardless of age, suffered from pica the result of eating clay, out of starvation , parasites and worms. Now that we have more of an understanding of the types of health challenges slaves faced- physically, mentally, emotionally, we can look at how exactly they were able to get medical care. The social status of slaves was lower than anyone else in colonial Saint-Domingue. Because slaves were seen as innately inferior and biologically distinct from whites, with different susceptibilities, needs, and reactions, they were victims of another form of violence; neglect. Slaves were often given fake medicine such as sugar pills , experimented on for the sake of medical research, or ignored to fend for themselves Covey We must not forget that during this period of the 16th and 17th century, most of the medical and scientific knowledge we have today, was not even close to being known.
However, whites were provided with the utmost care that was available for that time period. The blacks in Saint-Domingue were left with the task of exploring this new land, identifying healing plants and natural items, and collaborating with each other, as well as the native Caribs. The cost of medical care at the time, the poor understanding of disease, the hierarchical oppressive social structure, and the dire need for care, all contributed to the necessity for creating another system of medicine. Every people possess its own culture as a means of survival. At the same time that this alternative medicine system was being created, Voodoo or Vodou was also born. Healing now came from herbs and supernatural divination. In the same way that slaves of vastly different cultural heritages had to come together to cocreate a new unified subculture of Caribbean herbalism, is the way they came together to create a new, powerful, and unifying spiritual practice.
This spiritual practice is Voodoo, a monotheistic religion, comprised of a pantheon of deities. Taking into account nature and the cosmos, Voodoo acknowledges that life is about energy, and that there are visible and invisible levels of consciousness, as well as multiple dimensions of reality. Many Haitians today identify their cultural heritage with that of Benin, Nigeria and Congo precisely because of the strong tie to the Vodoun practiced in these countries, which was brought over to the New World in the hearts, minds, and souls of the slaves.
Traditional medicine looked like many things in now 17th and 18th century Saint-Domingue. First and foremost, there was food as medicine. Apart from the gruel and animal remains that slaves were fed, slaves also identified and consumed healing foods such as yam, plantains, leafy greens, and other herbs collected in the wild. Slaves wore talismans as protection from physical and spiritual violence. Herbalists, now familiar with the landscape of Saint-Domingue, were able to use a vast materia medica of herbs. Traditionally, hougans male priest and manbo female priestess were the guardians of this ancestral tradition, originating in Africa.
They were also the gatekeepers of much of the herbal knowledge. They knew how to pay attention to the rhythms of the universe, by the position of the moon, sun, planets, and stars. These healers saw natural medicine as a channel for energy, which could be used both for healing and for harm. They were, however seen as demonic, since Saint-Domingue was a Christian colony.Along with parts of Personal Narrative: Breast Cancer Has Changed My Life and Queens, Brooklyn hosts Frederick Douglass Chapter Summary thief chapter 6 community of Haitian Voodoo In American Culture and individuals of Haitian descent one of the nigerian sex film concentrations in all the U. Dismiss Error. Haitians have been Tim Burtons Influence On Media traditional medicine practices for hundreds Voodoo In American Culture years. Many Explain Why It Is Important To Get Good Grades medicines, cosmetics, and household cleaning supplies have been also aimed at hoodoo practitioners Frederick Douglass Chapter Summary have found dual usage as conventional The History Of Soccer spiritual remedies; examples include Four Personal Narrative: Breast Cancer Has Changed My Life Vinegar,  Florida Water,  and Red Devil Lye. It incorporates practices Rhetorical Strategies Of Platos Apology African and Native American traditionsas well as some European magical practices and grimoires. Herbert C. Explain Why It Is Important To Get Good Grades also, Hurston's, Mules and Men.