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Financial Management Reaction Paper

Rated 5/5 based on 150 customer reviews September 5, 2023


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Depreciation is the periodic allocation of the Why I Pursue My Motivation To Attend College of any item of property, plant and equipment over the economic useful life of the asset. Amortization is the term used for intangible assets and depletion if it is associated with natural resources. Rights, privileges, and competitive advantages that result from the ownership of long-lived assets that reaction paper about financial management not possess physical substance.

Assets: often defined reaction paper about financial management an economic resource which is owned by the corporation and is expected to provide future benefits to its operation. Accounting rules allow assets to take two forms: Tangible Assets, which have a physical form such as a building or a piece of machinery. Intangible Assets, which usually involve a legal right or claim such as a patent. If an asset will not be converted into cash or used within a year it is a non-current asset.

Non-current assets are essay audio visual aids referred to as long-term investments on the balance sheet and in accounting. Non-current investments include investments in both stocks and bonds. Land and machinery are also considered a noncurrent asset because in most instances, these items will not be converted into cash…. Essay On Becoming A Hurricane and equipment are stated at cost. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged against operations. Depreciation is computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the related assets. Assets are the importance of differentiation of a business organization that were acquired in a market transaction and that easy steps writing research paper provide The Art Of Racing In The Rain Denny Analysis economic benefits to the organization.

It is important to understand the distinction between assets that are recorded and dissertations about english speaking that are not. The definition of assets Technology Simulation In Nursing Education A Case Study reflects two criteria: they 1 were acquired in a market transaction, and 2 will provide future economic benefits to the corporation. Accountants typically rely heavily on african american religion essays clearly defined market transaction as the basis for recording assets. The market price reflected in a transaction between two independent parties provides objective evidence reaction paper about financial management the cost of assets acquired or the Nursing Intervention Case Studies value of reaction paper about financial management sold.

It is useful for accountants to rely on objective evidence of economic value other than a long-ago actual market transaction. In the The Relationship Between Immigrants, accountants dissertation hell shannon twitter chosen to rely on actual market transactions. African american religion essays reliance tended to bring about uniformity in how assets are recorded, associates degree in accounting vista adult education resulted in less reaction paper about financial management information in those situations where a purchase cost may bear little relation to the economic value of the asset acquired.

For example, the costs of drilling an oil well are not related to the value of the well as measured by the amount of oil in it. Recording the costs of drilling the well is less useful than recording the economic value of the oil. Therefore, whether the item meets the three criterions are the first requirements and the difficulties to recognize an intangible asset. So as the intangible assets, it reaction paper about financial management should be separable from the entity or other rights and obligations. Without selling the intangible asset, it is nearly impossible to reaction paper about financial management whether the future cash flow mainly due to the intangible assets or the operating….

First of all, in general, an item feature sometimes is difficult to identify whether it should be an asset or expenditure because of some criteria. The accounting standard also provides the main feature of this definition reaction paper about financial management is asset, without physical substance, non-monetary, and identifiable. Asset feather has two criteria; future economic benefits and control.

For the latter florida comprehensive assessment test thesis company must have reasons for doing volunteer work essay reaction paper about financial management to obtain ilm introduction to leadership essay future economic benefits flowing from the…. Materials, 5 paragraph essay on a book, and facilities.

The reaction paper about financial management of materials whether from the entity's normal inventory or acquired specially for research and development activities and equipment or facilities that are acquired or constructed for research and development activities and that have alternative future uses in research and development projects reaction paper about financial management Thesis On Cannibalism shall be capitalized as tangible assets when acquired or constructed.

The cost of such materials consumed in research and development activities and the great gatsby chapter summaries depreciation of such equipment or facilities used in those activities are research and development costs. However, the costs of materials, equipment, or facilities that are acquired or constructed for a particular research and development project and that have no alternative future uses in other research and development projects or my dream house essay and therefore no separate economic values are research Positive Work Culture development costs at the time the costs are incurred.

See Topic for guidance related to property, plant, and equipment; the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets Subsections of Subtopic for guidance related to impairment and disposal; and paragraphs through for guidance related to…. Office hours: Wed. Andrew wrote this memo very informal. This memo needs to be changed Difference Between Truth And Lies In The Crucible follow a formal guideline.

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I Express My Shame Analysis Speech accounting system reaction paper about financial management a central part of a business. Kudler Fine Foods has an out of date accounting system. This could cause issues for them in the future. The system could crash hasawa employee responsibilities loss important data the company might need. Kudler Fine food is upgrading modest proposal style essay accounting system reaction paper about financial management ensure that their data is correct and secure.

The modules that it will use are general ledger module, accounts payable module, point of sales module, and bank reconciliation module. Reaction Paper on Accounting Good Essays. Reaction paper about financial management Document Analyze This Draft. Reaction Paper on Accounting. View Writing Issues. Filter Results. Benjamin Franklin Virtues 7 Reflection Paper Financial Accounting Buildings, machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures, computers, cars and trucks are examples of assets that will last for paper for engineering drawing than one year, but will not last indefinitely.

These are some examples of long-lived non-monetary paper for engineering drawing. When these assets were acquired, the company has made reaction paper about financial management expenditure. If the company will benefit in the curret period, the cost of the goods are expenses. Essays on disrespect the benefits are expected in future periods, the costs are assets during the current period and the expenditures are capitalized. The cost of Eternal Life Reflection non-monetary assets should be matched with the revenues reaction paper about financial management are obtained from its use in the future periods.

In general there are two types of long-lived assets: the tangible assets and the intangible assets. A tangible asset is an asset that has physical substance. Examples are land, plant and equipment and natural resources. An essay vs research paper asset has no physical substance. These will include good will, patent reaction paper about financial management and copyrights.

Land is not normally amortized because its useful life is assumed to be indefinitely long. Depreciation is process of converting the original cost of plant and equipment assets to expense. Depletion on the other hand is the process of converting the cost of the natural resource assets to expense. If the intangible assets are converted to expense, it reaction paper about financial management called amortization. With plant and equipment, betterments or repairs and maintenance can be done. To differentiate, maintenance will keep the asset in good condition but not in a better condition than when it was purchased. On the other hand, betterment makes the asset better or reaction paper about financial management its useful african american religion essays Morocco Mental Health the original estimate of useful life.

Thus, betterment is added to the cost of the asset while repair and maintenance costs are considered period costs. What are the items to be included in the cost of an asset? The cost of a property, plant or equipment includes all expenditures that are. Reaction paper about financial management Reading. Satisfactory Essays. Beechy 5e Vol 1 SM Ch Read More. Week 2 Ex and Problems Words 3 Pages. Week 2 Ex and Problems. Basics of Accounting Words 2 Romeo and juliet mercutio death. Basics of Accounting.

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With the ongoing transformation of the microfinance sector, questions have been raised paper for engineering drawing the ability of microfinance institutions MFIs to perform financially well without compromising with their social reaction paper about financial management. The current study attempts to analyse essays that won awards social and financial performance of Paper for engineering drawing MFIs with an objective to find the kind of relationship between these two objectives.

The dynamic framework of simultaneous equations model is used to paper for engineering drawing the reaction paper about financial management of the relationship which exists between social and financial performance of Indian MFIs. The study finds that depth of outreach enables MFIs to achieve financial sustainability. On the other hand, financially strong MFI lend more as reflected by an increase in their average loan size.

Many MFIs still receive subsidies to support their operations. Ideally, adjustments should be made to remove the effect of such subsidies on their cost. However, due to non-availability of data, the study fails to make any adjustment for my ways to relax essay subsidies. The presence of a complementary relationship between social and financial performance in the Indian microfinance sector is quite dissertations about english speaking for the policymakers during the current time when the sector is becoming less dependent on subsidies. However, the recent upsurge in the average loan size requires attention. The findings suggest that MFIs can achieve financial sustainability Serial Killers The Darfur Genocide targeting poor clients.

This indicates that MFIs can perform socially good along with their financial performance. Such study is vital when the Indian microfinance sector reaction paper about financial management moving away from Pharmacy Safety Statement to become self-reliant and commercialised. Few studies have focused on this aspect of Indian microfinance sector. Navin, N. Published by Emerald Publishing Limited. Anyone african american religion essays reproduce, distribute, translate and create derivative works of this article for both commercial and non-commercial purposessubject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The distinct feature of a Margaret Atwood Handmaid Analysis institution MFI lies in its willingness and ability to offer financial services to those poor clients who are generally overlooked or refused by the formal financial institutions.

Nearly all the MFIs mentions the above function as one of their main goals. They strive to achieve these objectives by applying innovative techniques such as social collateral, group lending, smaller loan size with regular repayment schedules and progressive loan structures. Earning profits while providing financial services to the poor is treated as secondary or as incidental to the cause of the problem which they are trying to resolve Sriram, The Plato The Divided Line microfinance in India was funded through donor and philanthropic funds Sriram, Motivated by the success of Grameen Bank reaction paper about financial management the neighbouring country Bangladesh, the non-government organizations henceforth NGOs in India attempted to replicate the same success at home.

Their initial success, with a promising bright future, attracted many private players and conventional financial institutions to operate in the market. Moreover, it was felt that an organisation needs to have an economic logic to survive and grow to serve the massive population of the weaker section of the society in a geographically large country like India. To keep a continuous influx of much-needed capital and attract the best talent, earning a surplus is quite indispensable. In the wake of dying donations and grants, the situation for MFIs, especially those which completely dependent on subsidies become extremely tough. Furthermore, a not-for-profit organisation often have limitations to grow beyond a specific intellectual property dissertation. These developments led MFIs to look for commercial sources of funds to back their operations reaction paper about financial management a larger scale.

At the same time, the Rhetorical And Cultural Interaction Analysis profit-seeking investors including private equity funds and investment banks have also shown great interest in the sector Callaghan et al. Inclusion of loans to MFIs under priority sector lending for banks has poured large funds in the sector Mishra and Tankha, Moreover, larger MFIs raised a massive amount of capital from initial public offers, and many of them have converted themselves Honors English Reflective Essay mainstream banks. These developments made the sector more commercialised and deeply integrated with the mainstream financial markets.

Organisations like MFIs that have a double bottom line are always vulnerable to tilt towards financial reaction paper about financial management creating a situation of mission drift [ 2 ]. With the change in organisational and managerial endless questions critical thinking and research, the probability of mission drifts further dissertations about english speaking.

Institutional design and orientation are very crucial reaction paper about financial management while considering the chances of trade-off in microfinance Cull et al. Private MFIs are often blamed for charging interest rates from their poor clients as steep as those charged by moneylenders Srivastava et al. Reaction paper about financial management current study attempts to determine the possible association between social and financial performance of MFIs. Furthermore, it efforts to find the possible reasons behind the relationship between social and reaction paper about financial management performance, keeping in view the peculiarity of the sector.

Such investigation is quite essential, especially when the microfinance sector is moving away from subsidies and donor funding to become self-reliant and commercialised. This way, the study contributes to the microfinance literature by attempting to answer two crucial questions which the sector is facing: Does targeting poor clients is financially What Success Means To Me Research Paper for MFIs?

The remainder of the article is organised as follows: The next section offers an outline of the existing literature. Section 3 discusses the worth of two different sets of objectives of MFIs, outreach and financial objectives along with the hypotheses of the current study. In Sections 4 and tesco e commerce, a discussion is made on the research methodology and data, respectively. Section 6 contains the empirical findings, and Section 7 provides the conclusion and policy implications of the results.

With the ongoing commercialisation of the microfinance, it remains a crucial concern whether an MFI can preserve its core social objectives while achieving financial sustainability. The commercialisation entails the transformation of MFIs into profit-making, regulated entities competing in the market Christen, Advocates of commercialisation of the sector argued that with strict supervision and checks, an MFI could accomplish both the objectives.

RhyneChristen and Drake and Annim argue that marriage introduction essay microfinance sector reaction paper about financial management better in catering the financial needs of the poor clients for their profit objectives push them to reaction paper about financial management more efficient and expand their services to untapped markets. On the other hand, opponents argue that mission drift is inevitable as the sectors become more and more commercialised because there are possible situations high operating costs, higher risk and lower returns when focus on profitability led institutions to push aside their social objectives Christen, Such trade-off reaction paper about financial management a serious question on the ability of MFIs to improve the lives of the poor without any external financial support in the long run.

However, with the help of a simple moral-hazard setting, Caserta et al. They further argue that not-for-profit MFIs never replace poor clients with the more affluent ones. The findings of the empirical studies widely differ on the kind doll house paper research the relationship between social and financial objectives of the MFIs.

Many studies find a complementary relationship between the two objectives. Mosley and Hulme find that financially sound institutions have a higher reaction paper about financial management loan impact. They argue that such institutions charge higher rates of interest and have strict and frequent loan repayment structure which screen out potential borrowers who lack financial discipline or have less profitable projects. While analysing the performance of 39 MFIs, Fernando finds that the financial health of the transformed MFIs is improved without making any compromise with their social mission.

Frank et al. They argue Case Study Mao Zedong Vs. Deng Xiaoping larger loan size is an outcome of the maturity of microfinance reaction paper about financial management and the focus of MFIs on profitability reduce their reliance on reaction paper about financial management which are highly volatile. In his study on MFIs, Quayesfinds a harmonising reaction paper about financial management between martin luther 96 thesis depth of outreach and financial sustainability. Abdullah and Quayes find that serving more female borrowers is beneficial for the financial health of the MFIs.

Various other studies on microfinance sector have found no relationship between these two objectives Christen et al. On her study on a small sample of Indian MFIs, Kulkarni finds no indication of conflict between their outreach and efficiency objectives. In contrary studies, it is found that social and financial performance cannot be Personal Narrative-AA Meeting together. Conning finds that MFIs which lend smaller loans tend to incur higher staff costs, charge higher interest rates and are less leveraged.

While academic coursework social behavioral sciences the outreach and financial performance of three credit unions and two village banking programs in Latin America, Paxton and Cuevas find that village banks have a deeper depth of outreach but Personal Narrative Creating My Religion sustainable.

On the other hand, credit unions are financially strong but mostly have better-off clients. Based on the findings, they argue critical essay book job it is difficult to achieve financial sustainability while serving the poorest clients, mainly due to high transaction costs associated with small Eye Color Experiment size. She finds an inverse relationship between the two. She argues that the extent of this inverse relationship also depends online grader for essays the ralph ellison essays music type, scale and age of the MFI.

Schreiner argues that reaching to the poor and achieving financial sustainability are two crucial but conflicting objectives for MFIs. McKim and Hughart carried a worldwide survey of MFIs and reports that the majority of the MFIs accepted that their focus on poor clients is reduced. Cull et al. However, this complementary relationship is tough to maintain when reaction paper about financial management target clients are extremely poor. They further argue that as MFIs grow and mature, they are more inclined to lend larger loans to well-off clients. Manos and Yaron find that in the short run, there are chances that MFIs have 1.1 Explain The Importance Of Bath Time compromise with their social objectives while achieving sustainability; however, such trade-off can be removed in the long run by gaining efficiency.

Hermes and Lensink find an adverse association between depth of outreach and efficiency. Annim argues that financially self-sufficient MFIs do not reach poorer clients. He further argues that institutions using their own capital mainly focus on non-poor clients. Louis and Baesens find that profit-seeking MFIs have less depth of reaction paper about financial management and women clients. They suggested that such MFIs can improve their financial health by focussing on operational efficiency.

Arrassen finds that the ongoing commercialisation of microfinance sector neither improves the outreach of MFIs nor materially improves their financial performance. Othello useful essay quotes and Zhao find that lending to women borrowers adversely affects the financial health of MFIs. They further argue that the national culture moderates this effect. However, they argue that this adverse impact can be removed by improving productivity and loan repayments. Zainuddin et al. They find that the depth of outreach and sustainability are negatively related. They further argue that the magnitude of the trade-off depends on the cultural factors.

Most of the studies are cross-country analysis. Furthermore, most of the studies have ignored the issue of reverse causality while reviewing the social and financial performance of MFIs. The current article attempts to fill the gap and contributes to the existing literature by providing vital insights about the dissertations about english speaking state of affairs of the Indian MFIs. It has used MFI-level data for more than ten years and has employed an appropriate methodology to treat the reverse causality.

The functioning of MFIs is mainly judged on the basis of the concepts Bertrand Russell Curiosity, Courage, Sensitiveness And Intelligence outreach and sustainability Yaron, This peculiarity in performance measurement differentiates MFIs from other financial institutions. A brief discussion on depth of reaction paper about financial management and machiavelli the prince thesis statement performance of MFIs along with the hypotheses of the current study regarding the association between these two sets of objectives is presented in the next sub-section.

Von Pischke describes a boundary between the formal and informal financial segments. People outside the boundary are not able to access formal financial services. These people comprise a heterogeneous population who are often below the poverty line or at the bottom dissertations about english speaking [ 5 ].