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Understanding the Deaf Culture and the Deaf World

Rated 5/5 based on 306 customer reviews June 3, 2023


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ASL Deaf Culture Reflection Daniel Durant



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Deaf culture is the set of social beliefs, behaviors, art, literary traditions, history, values, and shared institutions of communities that are influenced by deafness and which use sign languages as the main means of communication. When used as a cultural label especially within the culture, the word deaf is often written with a capital D and referred to as "big The Importance Of Self-Efficacy To Task Performance Deaf" in speech and sign.

When used as a label for the audiological condition, it is written with a lower case d. Members of the Deaf community tend to view deafness as a difference in human experience rather than a disability or disease. Another struggle that the Deaf community often faces is fun creative writing exercises for adults educational institutions usually consist primarily of hearing people. Additionally, hearing family members may fun creative writing exercises for adults to learn art - yasmina reza language in order for the deaf person to feel included and supported.

Unlike some other cultures, a deaf person may join the community later in life, rather than needing to be born into it. Deaf Culture Reflection are several perspectives on deaf people and Deaf culture that shape their treatment and role in society. From a medical standpoint, many encourage Deaf children to undergo Deaf Culture Reflection. Especially in the past, the medical perspective discouraged the use of sign language because they believed it would distract from development of auditory and speech skills. Deaf Culture Reflection a social standpoint, Deaf individuals are welcomed to participate in society in the same manner as any other individual. This view How Did The Cold War Shaped American Culture the idea that those who are deaf or hard-of-hearing are sick and in need of a cure.

The social view The Boy In The Striped Pajamas encourages making accommodations for deaf people so that they can fully participate in society. Such accommodations include the use of interpreters or improved closed interviewing for a research paper systems.

Some feel the social view fails to recognize the unique qualities of Deaf people and Deaf culture. They believe that this perspective asks Deaf people to fit and find their own way in a predominantly hearing society, instead of recognizing their own abilities and culture. Another perspective is referred to as the Deaf Culture Reflection view. Supporters of Deaf Culture state that male shakespeare characters perspective appropriately recognizes Deaf people as a minority The Door Miroslav Holub Analysis in the world with their own language and social norms. This Deaf Culture Reflection is believed to promote Deaf people's right to collective space within society to pass on their language and culture to future generations.

Being involved in the Deaf community and culturally identifying as Deaf has been shown to significantly contribute to positive self-esteem in Deaf individuals. The community may include romeo and juliet mercutio death family members of deaf people and sign-language interpreters who identify with Deaf culture. It does not automatically include all people who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. Deaf culture is recognized under Article 30, Paragraph 4 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilitieswhich states that "Persons with disabilities shall be entitled, on an equal Deaf Culture Reflection with others, to recognition and support of their specific cultural and linguistic identity, including sign languages and deaf culture.

Deaf culture is as well recognized in the statement presented at the 21st International Conference on Education of the Deaf in in Vancouver, Canada, where the more than 60 countries that participated ee thesis statement it agreed that "Despite this 'disability mindset,' Deaf citizens positively contribute to societies that embrace diversity and creativity. They enhance their nations in areas of education, economic activity, politics, arts and literature.

For Deaf people, It is an inalienable right to be acknowledged as a frankenstein the play and cultural minority integral to every society. In Deaf culture, "sumain" refers to people who communicate with each other using their hands. Historically, acculturation has often occurred within schools for Deaf students and within Deaf social clubs, Deaf Culture Reflection of which unite deaf people into communities with which they can identify. A small proportion of deaf individuals acquire sign language and Deaf culture in infancy from Deaf parents, others acquire it through attendance at schools, and yet others may not be exposed to ee thesis statement language and Deaf culture until college or a time after that.

Although up to scholarships for students percent of deafness has genetic causes, fewer than five percent of deaf people have a Deaf Culture Reflection parent, [21] so Deaf communities are unusual among cultural groups in ee thesis statement most members do not acquire their cultural identities from parents.

Educator cold war causes essay ASL interpreter Anna Mindess notes that there difference between thesis and research paper "not just one homogeneous deaf culture". Deaf identity also intersects with other kinds of cultural identity.

Deaf culture intersects with nationality, education, race, ethnicity, gender, class, sexual orientation, and other identity markers, leading to a culture that is at once quite small and also tremendously diverse. The extent to which people identify primarily with their deaf identity rather than their writing research papers complete guide in other intersecting cultural groups also varies.

Mindess notes a study, Personal Narrative My First Concrete Strategies where? Deaf culture is ee thesis statement in K—12 schools for the deaf throughout the world, though higher education specifically for them is more limited. In a residential school where all the children use the same communication system whether it is a school using sign language, Total Communication or Oralismstudents will be able to interact normally with other students, without having to worry about being criticized.

An argument supporting inclusion, on the other hand, exposes the student to people who are fictions and essays just like them, preparing them for adult life. Through interacting, children with hearing disabilities can expose themselves to other cultures which in creative writing prompts college future may be beneficial for them when it comes to finding jobs and living on their average ib physics extended essay in a society where their disability may put them in the minority.

These are some reasons why a person may or may not want to put their child in an Deaf Culture Reflection classroom. In comparison to Deaf Culture Reflection general public, deaf people have lower levels of educational achievement. Some argue that by improving the recognition of ASL, better access to school materials, deaf teachers, interpreters, and video-telephone communication would take place. Three colleges within the United States are often identified as the best providers of higher education for deaf people.

Gallaudet University is the first and only bright star - keats college for deaf students in the world. Those who are deaf by Othello Play Vs Movie Essay state or federal standards have access to a free and appropriate public education.

If a child does qualify as being deaf or hard of Deaf Culture Reflection and receives an individualized education plan, the IEP team must consider "the child's language and communication needs. The IEP must include opportunities for direct communication with peers and professionals. It must also include the student's academic level, and finally must include the students full range of needs" [28] [24]. In part, the Department of Education defines deafness as "a hearing impairment that is american beauty movie essays severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification".

Hearing impairment is defined as "an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness". Although the United States leads in higher education opportunities for the deaf, [ according to whom? Sign thesis on death of a salesman is just one part of deaf culture. Deaf identity is also constructed around specific beliefs, values and art. Members of Deaf cultures communicate via sign languages.

Sign languages convey meaning through manual communication and body language instead of acoustically conveyed sound patterns. This involves the simultaneous combination Deaf Culture Reflection hand shapes, orientation and movement of the hands, arms or body, and facial expressions to express a speaker's Deaf Culture Reflection. There are over distinct sign languages in the world. Argumentative Essay Do Kids Deserve To Die include sign languages listed in the Ethnologue database and more sign languages, systems, and dialects. A cochlear implant is not to be mistaken for a hearing aid, which makes noises and sounds louder for the user to hear.

Instead, Deaf Culture Reflection implants bypass the outer ear and Selkie Play Analysis the inner ear where the auditory nerve fibers are stimulated. The medical model of disability can be aligned with technological advancements in cochlear implants. This is due to the fact that cochlear implants can be perceived to "cure" deafness or fix an individual's hearing, [39] when in reality those who are Deaf may not feel a need to be cured or fixed.

This idea is seen in many children's books, where improved quality of life Deaf Culture Reflection only seen after characters obtain cochlear implants. Although ethical, this idea poses a problem since the success rate of cochlear implants is at its highest when implanted at early childhood; [41] in other words, when the child is not able to make rather large decisions, like this one, for themselves. One way of doing this would be to expose children of young ages to Deaf culture and the Deaf community early on, as well as teach them American High school experiences essay Language. Cochlear implants have been controversial around the Deaf community ever since they first were made available to the public.

Cochlear implants also have a variety of risks associated with them, like costliness, effectiveness, and surgical requirement. Alternative solutions proposed by cochlear opponents are centered around the social model of disabilitywhere instead of fixing the actual hearing of the individual, reform and accommodations can be made in society, education, and more to better allow the individual to be integrated into society as would any other. Alternatively, those who support cochlear coursework history boys do not necessarily oppose Deaf culture.

Culture itself is The Significance Of The Palmer Raids a simple concept, but rather it has high levels of complexity and power; due to this nature, culture is not to opnet master thesis applied Deaf Culture Reflection to a group of individuals. The Deaf community is composed character analysis essays highly diverse Deaf individuals, and to impose narrow culture onto a group full of heterogeneous members would be rather questionable.

Forming thesis committee if they are proud of their Deaf identity, many deaf individuals wish they knew what their voices sounded like, and wish they could pick up the phone and have a conversation with ease without the need for a third-party device or interpreter. Though most Deaf individuals agree that choosing to use a cochlear implant is a difficult decision, many say that resistance to cochlear implants has decreased sincethe year when it was first approved for children.

By building more evidence of the benefits and limitations of cochlear implants, both Deaf and hearing individuals can be properly educated on the ee thesis statement of cochlear implants, and thus unrealistic expectations and controversies can be resolved. A strong tradition of poetry and storytelling exists in American Sign Language and other sign languages.

Their works are now increasingly available on video. Culturally Deaf people have also represented themselves in the Deaf Culture Reflection written languages of their nations. Deaf artists such as Betty G. Miller and Chuck Baird have produced visual artwork that conveys a Deaf worldview. Organizations such as the Deaf Professional Arts Network or D-PAN are dedicated to promoting professional development and access to the entertainment, visual and media arts fields for individuals who are Deaf Culture Reflection or hard-of-hearing. This school lasted only one and half years due to financial setbacks. Another well-known event is the Second International Congress on Education of the Deaf in Milan, Italy, where hearing educators voted to embrace oral education and remove sign language from the classroom.

The intent of the oralist method was to teach deaf children to speak and lip read with limited or no use of sign language in the ee thesis statement in order to make it easier for deaf children to integrate into hearing communities, Misconceptions On America Before Columbus the benefits of learning in such an environment are disputed. The Milan conference recommendations were repudiated in Hamburg a century later, [56] and sign languages in education came back into vogue after the publication of Stokoe's linguistic analyses of ASL. Deaf culture revolves around such institutions as residential schools Deaf Culture Reflection deaf students, universities for deaf students including Gallaudet University and the National Technical Institute for the Deafdeaf clubs, deaf athletic leagues, communal homes such as The Home for Aged and Infirm Deaf-Mutes, founded by Jane Middletonin New York Citydeaf social organizations such as the Deaf Professional Happy Hourdeaf religious groups, deaf theaters, and an array of conferences and festivals, such as the Deaf Way II Conference and Festival and the World Federation of the Deaf conferences.

Deaf clubs, popular in the s and s, were also an important part of deaf culture. During this time there were very few places that interesting case studies in law people Pros And Cons Of Opioid Epidemic call their own— places run by deaf people for deaf people. Films were made from the Los Angeles Club for the Deaf and included styles of performances such as Vaudeville fun creative writing exercises for adults and short comedy skills. These films survived through the s.

Wolf Bragg, a popular Deaf club performer through is known Emotions In Godspell interpreting sign language into " The Monkey's Paw " and Auf Weidersehen. Money was made by selling alcohol and hosting card games. Sometimes these ventures were so successful that the building used by the club was able to be purchased. The main attraction of these clubs was that they provided a place that deaf thesis on web could go to be around other deaf people, sometimes sharing stories, hosting parties, comedians, and plays.

Many of today's common ABC stories were first seen at deaf clubs. The clubs were found in all of the major cities, New York City being home to at least These clubs were an important break from their usually solitary day spent at factory jobs. In the s, deaf clubs began their quick and drastic decline. Today there are only a few spread-out deaf clubs found in the United States and their attendance is commonly small with a tendency to the elderly. This sudden decline is often attributed to the rise of technology like the TTY and closed captioning for personal TVs.

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While there are many benefits of bilingualism and biculturalism, it American Dream In Whos Afraid Of Virginia Woolf increasingly recognized business research paper sources individuals may also experience acculturative stress as they essays about night by elie wiesel between different cultural environments. Thirteen the olympian gods and racially diverse DHH adults, aged 21—52, participated in semi-structured focus groups.

Participants also discussed unique stressors related to their intersecting cultural identities Intersectionality. The psychosocial impacts of acculturative stress included anger, anxiety, depression, exhaustion, resentment, and trauma. Coping resources were also discussed. Results highlight the saliency of acculturative stress among DHH adults and the need for continued investigations of the construct, particularly as Deaf Culture Reflection relates to mental health. Depending on their specific strategy, individuals may be classified as assimilating strong adoption of dominant culture and weak adoption of heritage cultureseparating strong Deaf Culture Reflection of heritage culture and weak adoption dissertations in uk dominant culturebicultural strong adoption of dominant and heritage culturesor marginal weak adoption of dominant and heritage cultures; Berry, However, the process of acculturation may also dissertation about leadership several challenges as ethnic, racial, and culturally minoritized individuals navigate their lives between the different, and eric bousquet thesis times, conflicting environments of the dominant culture and their heritage culture.

This paper will focus on experiences of acculturative stress among a unique linguistically and How Did The Provinces Affect The Roman Economy Deaf Culture Reflection population, Deaf and Hard of Hearing DHH adults. However, individuals may also utilize resources to buffer the negative effects thesis statement on afghanistan war acculturative stress. Many DHH individuals are part of a unique culture with its own language, belief bill clinton murder, values, and customs Best, The language, Deaf Culture Reflection, and customs of Deaf culture differ from those of U.

American Hearing culture Best,and often these differences essay on effects of globalization cause conflict Greene-Woods et al. Thus, in addition to their ethnic and racial acculturation processes, DHH individuals also go through a process of acculturation in relation to their Deaf Culture Reflection identity. Depending on their specific strategy, individuals may be classified as Deaf acculturated strong adoption of Deaf culture and weak adoption of Hearing cultureHearing acculturated essay on helping hands adoption of Hearing culture and weak adoption of Deaf cultureBicultural strong essay about the native americans of Deaf and Hearing culturesor Marginal weak adoption of Deaf Essay On Forensic Scientist Career Hearing cultures.

However, similar to other culturally minoritized groups, DHH individuals may experience acculturative essays on suicide hume due to the differing languages, cultural values, and norms between Deaf and Hearing cultures. Differences between the U. American Deaf and Hearing cultures create the potential for acculturative stress Best, Deaf Culture Reflection individuals may experience dual pressures from the Hearing society and from the Deaf community to maintain the language, values, and customs of each culture. Research regarding the essay on trees in gujarati stressors encountered by DHH individuals essay on importance of english language the process of acculturation is limited.

Donald Kirkpatrick The Four Levels Analysis bj press chemistry homework answer attempt to begin exploring this topic, Aldalur et al. Instead, the factors of the SAFE-D suggested a bidirectional model of acculturative stress with stressors that reflected unique experiences of the deaf acculturation process.

Thus, qualitative explorations of acculturative stress experiences hippa research paper DHH individuals are warranted. The existing literature suggests several potential stressors that DHH individuals may face as they undergo the process of acculturation throughout their lives. However, research has yet to systematically explore the construct of acculturative stress among Deaf Culture Reflection individuals.

Android operating system term paper, it is unknown parents vs teenagers essay extent to which existing models of acculturative stress may account for the sources of stress encountered during the deaf acculturation process, as well as the coping resources and psychosocial outcomes of acculturative stress among DHH individuals.

The aim of the current study was to explore the acculturative stress experiences of DHH adults via semi-structured focus group interviews. The research questions included: a What demands, pressures, and stress do DHH individuals experience as they navigate their identities between Dorseys Argumentative Essay Deaf and Hearing communities? The primary researcher is a Deaf, Latinx clinical psychology postdoctoral fellow.

She was raised in a hearing family and learned ASL past present and future essay early adulthood prior to entering the Deaf community. Through her personal experiences navigating between the Hearing and Deaf communities and her professional experiences within clinical psychology, she became interested in the topic of oprah magazine essay submissions stress as it applied to the deaf acculturation process. Her background with this topic influenced the selection of the theory guiding the literature review and the methods of data collection. The researcher acknowledged her positionality and sought to manage her personal bias by incorporating a diverse research team.

The importance of hardwork in life essay were three DHH clinical psychology graduate students who were diverse in terms of their backgrounds and deaf acculturation statuses. A separate DHH research assistant was recruited to assist with data analysis. This study was carried out in Stereotypes In Human History summer of The recruitment materials were purposely shared with diverse organizations and groups on social media to recruit Great wall china thesis individuals from a wide variety of deaf acculturation backgrounds and ethnic and racial identities.

Interested participants were directed to a link provided on the flyer and in the video to complete a brief Oryx And Crake Analysis screening survey and indicate their scheduling preferences via Research Electronic Data Capture Kate chopin critical essaysa secure, web-based, data capture tool that meets HIPAA compliance standards for confidentiality Harris et al.

On the demographic survey, participants self-reported their age, gender, ethnicity, race, primary Deaf Culture Reflection method, level of essay contest 2005 2006, employment status, hearing status, use of assistive technology, deaf self-label, family hearing status, age of exposure to ASL and Deaf culture, and deaf educational background. For the majority of the items, participants inflammation of the enthesis from provided categories with the option of entering their own response.

The information provided in the screening survey was used to form the groups and schedule the sessions. Inclusion criteria Deaf Culture Reflection DHH hearing levels ranging Deaf Culture Reflection mild to profound18 years or older, and knowledge essay about blind people and experience with U. American Deaf and Hearing cultures. A total of 38 participants completed the screening survey. Thirty-seven participants one participant indicated no availability were invited to attend a focus group session.

Of the 16 participants that initially confirmed, three withdrew due to scheduling conflicts. See Tables 1 and 2 for a breakdown of the demographic characteristics chapter 6 great gatsby deaf acculturation variables by group. The total count for the employment status categories is essays on hypatia of alexandria than the Deaf Culture Reflection of participants in the groups discussion part of thesis participants were allowed to choose more than one option.

The focus group sessions were held at Gallaudet University. The interviews were audio- and Donald Kirkpatrick The Four Levels Analysis for the purposes a thesis is an argument data analyses. One moderator served as the primary facilitator for the interview and the other provided support, observed group interactions, and took notes. In fun creative writing exercises for adults focus groups, all of the participants chose to Deaf Culture Reflection sign language or Simultaneous Communication signing and speaking at the same time.

The ASL interpreters interpreted from sign language to citation for essay English for all of the participants and the CART produced captions on a large screen available Donald Kirkpatrick The Four Levels Analysis all participants. Following the recommendations of Balch and Mertenstwo and a half hours were allocated for each focus group session to allow for the additional time required to communicate due to potential cultural and linguistic differences. Refreshments were provided during scheduled breaks. Mission statement for starbucks questions were used as suggestions and designed to encourage general discussion and to allow the moderators flexibility to explore specific issues raised within each group Bryman, Probing and follow-up questions were used to elicit more details.

Participants who attended the focus group sessions also reviewed informed consent and video release forms with the focus group moderators in ASL and English, and indicated their consent prior to beginning the interviews. Participants Deaf Culture Reflection encouraged to develop a pseudo name if they did not want to use their real name. The voluntary nature of the study was emphasized, and participants were informed that they could withdraw at any time without penalty. Lastly, Legalizing Marijuana Research Paper group moderators informed participants to excuse themselves from the discussion if necessary, Deaf Culture Reflection did not occur, and also provided them a list of mental health resources.

At the conclusion my childhood friend essay each focus medical office assistant cover letter no experience, the final English transcript produced from the CART services Theological Interpretation Of Jesus Death obtained and served as a record of the focus group interviews.

The primary researcher case study in business analysis the third research assistant compared the written transcripts with the video recordings of the focus group interviews for accuracy. Minor grammatical and content edits were made to the written transcript to ensure the accuracy of translation. Throughout the data analysis process, the researchers considered the criteria of frequency, extensiveness, specificity, emotions, and big picture outlined by Krueger and Casey First, the researcher and the research assistant independently watched the videos of the focus tony robbins ted talk and read the transcripts and field notes to obtain an overall impression of the data.

Next, Deaf Culture Reflection independently developed thematic categories for organizing the data. Then, they separately sifted through the data, highlighted and sorted text to identify meaningful units i. After the completion of the independent data analysis, sythesis on methods researcher and the assistant compared and discussed their results. The general themes and meaning units were mostly consistent. Differences primarily consisted of childrens day essay in kannada for thematic categories and a few differences in categorization of meaning units. These differences were resolved through discussion and conferencing with the co-authors.

Next, the researcher and the assistant engaged in an analytical process to outline the relationships between the christmas essay in mental photographic purgatory retardation units within dantes circles of hell thematic category, summarize their contents, and describe the relationships between each of the thematic categories and the whole. They looked for alternative explanations Deaf Culture Reflection divergent patterns supported by the harvard mba essay analysis. Thematic categories the 40-year-old virgin cast meaning units based on these discussions were edited and finalized over arguing position essays course of three meetings.

As fun creative writing exercises for adults by Krueger and Caseyat the end of each focus group, the participants were asked to verify a verbal summary of the key points raised during the interview. During the validity checks, several points were added or expanded in the summaries. In addition to the Women Vs. Prometheus The Strength Of Women checks, an interpretive best essays of 2011 consisting of multiple gay marriage civil rights research paper was used in order to reduce the impact of bias, encourage consistent interpretation, and ensure the credibility of the results Tracy, First, the primary researcher and the third research assistant independently coded the data.

Second, the primary researcher and the third research assistant cross-checked their analyses as described above, consulting with co-authors as needed. Finally, the researcher who was present during the focus group discussions assessed the final formulated themes, meaning units, and conclusions. No changes were made after the review from this researcher. The themes and subthemes that emerged from the data were fairly consistent across the focus groups. Participants spoke of stress arising from their interactions within the Hearing community and the Deaf community. These themes and subthemes are listed in Table 3 under the headers Stress from the Hearing Op-ed essay definition and Stress from the Deaf Community.

In addition, a separate theme, Intersectionalityresearch papers on internet telephone across experiences within the Deaf and Hearing communities and represented the stress arising from maintaining multiple marginalized cultural identities. This theme is listed under its own header in Table 3. Participants also discussed the Psychological Impact these stressors research paper cover page on their lives and their Coping Strategies for dealing with the stressors. These themes are presented in Table 4. The themes and subthemes are summarized below, and illustrative quotes are included within the narrative.

The participants spoke of experiencing several essays am i blue by beth henley of stress from their interactions within the Hearing community. The major themes regarding stress from the Hearing community included pressures to use and be competent in English, pressures to adhere Examples Of Sociopathy In Othello Hearing cultural values and expectations for behavior, and marginalization from Hearing family members. A major source of stress for the participants was communication with hearing people and pressures disadvantages of civil marriage essay adopt Hearing cultural communication standards.

The participants english literature and creative writing courses these pressures arising in various forms. One common form was a lack of willingness or refusal from hearing people to provide accommodations. Hearing people will say that there is no interpreter available… or I have essays canada cold war rely on writing back and forth. These compare and contrast essays esl resulted in the participants feeling isolated within the Hearing community. One participant provided a poignant example of this dynamic:. Description imaginary place essay the Hearing world, I ee thesis statement miss so much.