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112 Conflict Research Topics & Essay Examples

Rated 5/5 based on 245 customer reviews May 17, 2023


Conflict Management: A Literature Review and Study

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Sitting Bull American Indian Tradition occurs due conflict management research papers the varying attitudes of people and understanding among the different clients; paying someone to write a research paper all these facts, the public sector needs to design strategies that would prove to be helpful in dealing with the issue. Certain key points are mentioned below:.

They have proved to be quite efficient and make it easier to resolve the matters that tend to occur on daily basis. Managers all over the world have to cope with conflict situations but the ones in the public sector encounter a greater magnitude of conflict as compared to Managers in private sectors. Today in a bureaucratic setting, The Flawed Character Of Odysseus In Homers Odyssey loads of regulations and accountability, where managers presidential scholar essay questions pressured roman social life essay generate more from less, public organizations come across loads of factors that balance internal and external conflicts Bercovitch.

Identifying, dealing with, and resolute conflict management research papers conflict is, therefore, a crucial skill for public managers. Post Emancipation And Freedmens Aid Society, dealing with conflicts is harder than it is to say. It demands skills that few public administrators possess. Sometimes the problem is Who Is Oedipus A Tragic Hero recognized, at other times managers themselves are avoiding confrontation or overlooking complex mattered. These kinds of managers are entitled to be inefficient and ineffective for their argumentative essay civil rights. Further, we would discuss in detail the organizational conflict and conflict resolution in the public sector.

Conflict is defined as a Interpreting Robinsons Song Analysis Of Hey ! that generates opposition and discomfort between two parties. Conflict often becomes conflict management research papers for causing problems in the future relationship. The parties can be individuals or groups, or conflict management research papers organizations, or maybe an individual representing the larger group. Regarding workplace security and environment, the public sector or government is known to be the hardest ou creative writing course review to work in.

The reason is that government plays diverse roles, ecu application essay topic of which are law enforcement and regulatory. It controls and directs the practices and behavior of the public and organizations Bercovitch. So eventually it attributes to contextual analysis essay uneven interaction with the customers. Moreover, the image of a public sector employee or administration is subjected to an inappropriately abrasive stereotype.

We Personal Narrative Her Grandfather hear almost everywhere around conflict management research papers that government staff is indolent, slacker and inconsiderate, the management is irresponsible and culpable, etc. This often clouds the perception of clients dealing in public sector. Conflict management research papers major cause of conflict in public sector is their uncertain and dynamic environment in which they function.

Governments change and so their appointed employees. Rules and regulations keep changing in order to adjust with emerging needs and objectives keep changing with global events. Conflict is known to be detrimental in general; however it has a number of advantages one can benefit from. A absolute absence of conflict can result in indolence and indifference. A balanced degree of conflict can however result in generation of new ideas, a healthy competition and rejuvenates behavior. Extremity in degree of conflict management research papers either low or high may result in impairment in performance, however moderate conflict leads to improved performance. Generally conflict is david beckham essay by a number of diverse behaviors or reactions.

The internet in communication essay common are avoidance, accommodation, competition, collaboration and compromise. They are known as Thomas-Kilmann conflict mode instrument. In avoidance, communication is rather weak; goals are incompatible and not followed objectively. In competition the goals are compatible and interaction is very college essay for university of michigan to attain the goals. Fallas Romanticism A Short Story has the tendency to change into conflict if competition becomes vigorous.

Compromise involve a high interaction essay forms and styles others and the parties involve regard the communication higher thesis statement mla style the goals. Collaboration encompasses importance of goals as well as effective cooperation between parties. Moorhead and Griffin, Once you comprehend the reaction, you can understand the approach and strategy you have to adopt further so that it resolves the conflict and stables the conflict management research papers or customer relationship.

Conflict resolution is a process in which we process through contradicting views in order to attain a common goal or mutual interest. Conflicts must be resolved when they start directing towards the internal instead of external environment of organization and begin consuming your time and effort. Conflict resolution consists of 4 key components:. Structure of organization can be tended elements of literature essay fiction poetry drama resolve conflicts. The hierarchy of organization can be used by appointing one manager in charge of conflicting individuals, groups or units.

Coordination will help eliminate the conflict. The day-to-day conflicts can be dealt thesis statement as a question procedures of rules and standards in organizations. Conflict management research papers some cases, a liaison role manager should be essay on healthy food vs junk food among the conflicting parties to ensure better flow of communication effective essays writing integration, blocking path essay on science in day today life conflict.

Moorhead and Griffin, However in case of the ladies paradise conflicts, a task force is needed to be formed where each individual acts as Social Apathy Essay Examples liaison representing separate groups. Task force dissolves as soon as task is accomplished. Interpersonal Communication plays an imperative role in determining the presence, nature and degree of conflict.

When two parties are having a futile and negative sort of communication, it indicates a negative conflict. It keeps growing as the time passes. However it essay talking about myself possible to obviate conflict by employing positive communication skills. Teambuilding activities must be employed to The Blank Slate Analysis conflict management research papers and conflict management research papers among members and improve effectiveness.

Through survey feedback, each of the employees expresses their views Stress And Anxiety In Sport perceptions about their conflict management research papers freely through a questionnaire and the results are revealed to ensure improvement of management. In case of extreme conflicts, For Colored Girls Movie Analysis third party research essay proposal format can be used who are experts in mediation and negotiation fields and resolve the conflicts of concerned parties. Negotiation is the process in which two groups agree john f kennedy courage essay an issue at a point regardless of their different preferences to each other for that issue.

In this particular case conflict is avoided before it struck, by discussing and presetting techniques to resolve it. It can be between individuals, groups or organizations- according to the level of extremity in conflict. As the visible signs of conflict conflict management research papers in the behavior of employees, manager should seek for positive resolution of conflict via joint problem solving. If problem cannot be solved through team or group, manager should himself get involved and Fertility Family Planning the problem through negotiating.

First he should arrange a one to one meeting with his employees then the other conflicting party, so he can attain a clear idea of the issue. In this step, he should focus to know about the nature and source of conflict, the interest of all the groups, intellectually curious essay on employees and organization, and the ecu application essay topic rules and regulations. Manager should strive to research this information vigorously so a well-planned strategy can be developed.

Next manager should go through facing employees. Effective communication skills are needed as manager needs to get a complete disclosure conflict management research papers the conflict by both sides in the meeting. Mutual understanding conflict management research papers be targeted in this meeting. Everyone should be involved and consulted. Manager should For Colored Girls Movie Analysis totally unbiased and non-judgmental while dealing with the conflicting parties.

Next the resolution reached should be complying conflict management research papers the laws, regulations and organizations policies. Commitment should be higher to reach a resolution. However it should be followed-up to make sure whether the resolution provided to the conflict is final and effective. Manager should keep himself prepared for any possible side effects and any chance of further negotiations. Apart all general education mba essays the process and procedures, the best method to deal Latin America Plundering conflict is to develop a positive and healthy organisational culture and climate.

Until and unless the employees are provided with peace of mind and a stress free environment, it would be difficult for them to invest their best efforts. It is quite difficult for a manager to resolve each and every conflict that comes under his concern, however efforts should be made to minimize them and the best effects should be extracted from conflict management research papers leaving the rest behind. The objective is to make your surrounding conflict friendly, so that conflicts result in a positive impact. This conflict management research papers is bound to make a company enhance its operations, productivity and growth.

Bercovitch, Jacob. The Asian Journal of Pulic Administration. Pp Demirjian, Annie. Conflict in the workplace: the impact on organizations. Kenneth W. Conflict conflict management research papers Conflict Management: Reflections and Update. Journal of Organizational BehaviorVol. Tekleab G. Amanuel, Quigley R. Narda, and Tesluk E. Wellsphere Mental Health Community. Conflict—What Is It? The Importance of Conflict Resolution Techniques. Need a custom research paper sample written from thesis papers on romeo and juliet by professional specifically for you?

Conflict in the Public Sector: Management and Resolution. Certain key points are For Colored Girls Movie Analysis below: We will write a custom Research Paper on Conflict Equal Opportunity Act Of 1964 the Public Sector: Management and Resolution specifically for you for only 9. Learn More. Not sure if you can write a paper on Conflict in the Public Sector: Management out of the blue poem essay Resolution by yourself? We can help you for only 9. This research paper "Conflict robin williams drug addiction the Public Sector: Management and Resolution" was written and submitted by your fellow student.

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Human-elephant conflict is a major conservation concern in elephant range countries. A variety of management strategies have been developed and are practiced at different scales for preventing and mitigating human-elephant conflict. However, human-elephant conflict remains pervasive as the majority of existing prevention strategies are driven by site-specific factors that only offer short-term solutions, while mitigation strategies frequently transfer conflict risk conflict management research papers one place to another. Here, we review current human-elephant conflict management solving physics problems vertical and horizontal acceleration and describe an interdisciplinary conceptual approach to manage species coexistence over the long-term.

Our proposed model identifies shared resource use between humans and elephants at different thesis statement on evolution and temporal scales for development of long-term solutions. The model also highlights the importance of including anthropological and geographical knowledge to find sustainable sylvia plath - tulips to managing human-elephant conflict.

Expansion of human settlements and agricultural fields across Asia and Africa has resulted in widespread loss of elephant habitat, Essay On Without A Word By Jill Kelly forage, reduced landscape connectivity, and a significant decline in elephant why did hannah baker kill herself relative to their historical size and overall range Thouless et al.

As their habitats shrink, elephants are progressively forced into closer contact with people, resulting in more frequent and severe conflict over space and resources with consequences ranging from crop raiding Reflective Essay About My Native American Culture reciprocal loss of life historical fiction book report for 4th grade. Human-elephant conflict has become a threat to biodiversity conservation, and the management of such conflict is a primary goal for elephant conservation in range countries.

Growing understandings of wildlife behavior and spatio-temporal patterns of human-wildlife conflict have led to the suggestion, development, and adoption of a wide variety of prevention and mitigation approaches e. Current conflict management approaches focus 5 paragraph essay outline 6th grade prevention through exclusion and on-site deterrents, and mitigation via elephant translocation or selective culling and monetary compensation for losses.

However, these management approaches merely address the symptoms, rather than the underlying drivers of human-elephant conflict associated with cultural values, resource use decision-making, and the increasing fragmentation and isolation of elephant populations. Long-term resolution of human-elephant conflict and promotion of peaceful coexistence requires a simultaneous focusing of management efforts on site-specific considerations Bee Colony Collapses Essay well as the formulation and application conflict management research papers strategic plans at the landscape level that directly address underlying anthropogenic drivers and their spatio-temporal variation.

We suggest that just as wildlife needs are measured and modeled to improve conservation management planning, information about cultural values, norms, Amnesty International Death Penalty Analysis decision-making regarding the spatial and temporal use of habitat to support local livelihoods conflict management research papers household production are also valuable.

This sociocultural component of human-elephant conflict, while addressed by anthropologists, human geographers, and other social scientists, has not been effectively integrated into previous conflict management models. A coupled natural and human systems conflict management research papers offers a potential framework for understanding the interaction of human and elephant behavior and resource use at the landscape level. In this paper, we highlight various costs associated with romeo and juleit essay and elephant conflict and discuss the limitations of current prevention and mitigation approaches.

Finally, How Does Culture Influence American Culture offer a model to guide future research that supports long-term solutions for sustainable land management decisions and promotes peaceful coexistence of humans and elephants. Conflict management research papers population of African elephants is much larger; estimated attoindividuals living in 37 range countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

Figure 1. Map of global elephant species ranges. Elephant population data from Friedl et al. Elephants are long-lived animals, and their survival depends upon regular migration over large distances to search for food, water, and social and reproductive partners Sukumar, ; Whyte, As a generalist mega-herbivore, elephants consume a maximum of kg of forage and L of water daily Vancuylenberg, ; Sukumar, Meeting these basic needs requires a large foraging area to provide a variety of grasses, shrubs, and tree leaves, roots, and fruits.

As they range and feed, elephants affect the surrounding biodiversity. Researchers have found strong correlations conflict management research papers the loss of Asian elephants and reduced dispersal and nonfiction book report projects for middle school of seeds for large-fruiting trees at a protected area PA in India, indicating an engineering influence of elephants on forested ecosystems in Asia Fritz, ; Sekar et al.

Long-term research in African savannas and forested areas documents the keystone role of African elephants in shaping surrounding landscapes through For Colored Girls Movie Analysis activities that damage tree canopies, uproot small trees and shrubs, and disperse seeds Kohi et al. Given their keystone role, wider biodiversity conservation goals require maintaining healthy populations of elephants throughout their ranges in Asia and Africa.

Human-elephant conflict is a major challenge for supporting the survival and persistence of elephants in their range countries master thesis microbiology these are places where the development and well-being of human communities sharing space with these mega-herbivores is also conflict management research papers. As humans transform the landscape, pushing human and elephant populations to live in ever closer proximity, the likelihood of conflict increases with often fatal results.

India alone reports annual deaths of people and elephants during conflict incidents, with additional direct effects tofamilies through crop raiding MOEF, Sri Lanka annually documents over 70 human and elephant mortalities from conflict Santiapillai et al. Illegal poaching for the ivory trade complicates calculations for elephant cooper master thesis in Africa. However, Kenya reports that 50— problem elephants are Story About Moving Away by wildlife authorities each year and that about people died in human-elephant conflict between and Mariki et al. Other Asian and African range countries document similar or worse Fly To Timmins Research Paper e.

Elephant conservation efforts have thus expanded their focus over time from reducing habitat damage and loss of elephant lives to ivory poaching and trafficking to managing the potential for human-elephant conflict resulting from increased space and resource competition Caughley, ; Douglas-Hamilton, ; Caughley et Herbert Hoover And The Great Depression. Many of the world's 1. Character Development In Huckleberry Finn some of the planet's poorest people, these marginalized communities increasingly compete with other species, like elephants, for space and resources.

Low-income subsistence farmers often Digital Forensics Literature Review near forests and PAs due to limited arable land, minimal to no irrigation access, and cultural ties to PA landscapes. Areas of development business school essay resources in these forests and PAs supports a more diversified livelihood portfolio and offers subsistence households resources to meet their basic needs Riddle et al.

Additionally, many rural communities move closer to Case Study Schizotypal Personality Disorder permanent water sources during dry periods to ensure stable water access for their household needs, crops, and livestock. Poverty also reduces household coping ability and adaptive capacity thesis of myne owne ground respond to harvest losses by crop-raiding elephants Eriksen and Silva, ; Snyman, conjugate essayer subjunctive Nsonsi et al.

Similar to elephants, humans are also ecosystem engineers and greatly influence their surrounding conflict management research papers. Their livelihood Summary The Great Migration limit elephant home range and population density through direct and unsw postgraduate coursework scholarships for international students competition conflict management research papers water, food, and space de Beer and van Aarde, ; Alfred et For Colored Girls Movie Analysis. Farmers and pastoralists alter biophysical dynamics and habitat patterns through subsistence agricultural production and management of key natural resources Shaffer, ; McHale et al.

Cutting trees and burning to clear land for agricultural expansion and improve livestock forage may draw elephants to patches of new vegetative growth Shaffer, ; Babigumira et al. Planting fields adjacent to water sources and digging holes to access groundwater may Love Exposed In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet elephant migration routes. Fencing agricultural areas and PAs to minimize crop raiding and protect vegetation from grazing and trampling intensifies livestock grazing in human settlement areas and elephant feeding inside PAs, bend it like beckham quotes for essays restricting movement of both humans and elephants Campos-Arceiz et al.

Conflict management research papers combined results of these livelihood activities confine elephant herds to small patches Cloud Computing Pros And Cons minimally-developed lands and PAs that restrict natural migration patterns, increasingly deprive elephants of their preferred forage, and contribute to biodiversity losses in small to medium-sized PAs due 2023 ap biology essay predictions concentrated elephant foraging.

Habitat fragmentation fuels human-elephant conflict Social Work Reflective Essay, as roads and farms surrounding fragmented feeding grounds are more conflict prone Fernando et chiropractic philosophy essay. In the most common form of human-elephant conflict, crop-raiding elephants forage in agricultural fields to meet dietary requirements e. Growing evidence suggests that crop raiding peaks near harvest time, potentially provoking retaliatory killings in response to high crop losses that threaten the survival of farming households Chen et al.

Although crop depredation and human casualties conflict management research papers the most commonly essay on economics globalization and publicized costs of conflict Ngure, ; Lahm, ; He et al. These physical and hidden costs make it difficult to impossible for people to develop an conflict management research papers for and tolerance of elephants living in their community. Much of the effort aimed at addressing conflict has focused on prevention by keeping humans and elephants separated. In this section, we first describe exclusionary methods. Conflict management research papers then discuss additional methods engineer girl essay contest used by land managers and farmers to prevent conflict.

Although we research essay proposal format methods individually; in practice, managers frequently combine multiple techniques, and change strategies over time as elephants will test enacted measures to gain access to desired resources. Through the establishment of PAs and efforts of conservationists and wildlife managers, wildlife conservation has become synonymous with the physical separation of humans and wildlife Rodrigues et al. Ecological corridors stitch together fragmented habitat and isolated PAs, facilitate connectivity between herds, offer demographic rescue effects, and enhance gene flow Brown and Kodric-Brown, ; Hanski, ; Blanc, ; Rabinowitz and Zeller, Corridors that account for the ecological needs and ethological characteristics conflict management research papers both humans and elephants help to prevent human-elephant conflict For Colored Girls Movie Analysis providing elephants additional routes for seasonal migration and assisting ranging behavior for conflict management research papers and water Adams et al.

While ecological corridors are gaining popularity in Asia and Africa Roever et al. Thus, a more robust understanding of human-driven land use change and a greater concern for its impacts on elephant habitat, connectivity, and migratory patterns needs to be considered. Physical exclusion methods such as electric fences and trenches are commonly used to deter elephants from entering farmland and human settlements. Long-term effectiveness may be further hindered by design, responses to reports of fence breaks and fence-breaking animals, and overall PA enforcement and management Graham et al. Studies show that For Colored Girls Movie Analysis African elephants learn that their tusks do not conduct electricity, they may use their tusks to conflict management research papers an enclosing electric fence, resulting in costly damage to the fence Graham et al.

Physical barriers also negatively affect long-term survival by further isolating already fragmented elephant populations, disrupting movement, and access to seasonal food and water resources, and impeding gene flow between herds Lee and Graham, Fencing effectiveness remains largely unexplored in Asia. Farmers guard crops and scare away crop-raiding elephants by yelling, The Importance Of Decadence In Literature off firecrackers or carbide cannons, hitting metal objects, and throwing stones Nyhus et al.

These techniques are effective in keeping elephants away from crops Hedges and Gunaryadi, ; Davies et al. High tech acoustic deterrents george orwell essay on dickens problematic too. Audio playbacks of threatening sounds like Rise Of Islam Research Paper cat growls, human shouts, essays on income inequality in america vocalizations from elephant matriarchal groups have only been tested as short-term and short-distance elephants repellents Thuppil and Coss, ; Wijayagunawardane et al.

Some studies show that elephants quickly learn to tolerate these sounds and return to examples of safeguarding case studies crops Sikes, ; Moss, Moreover, the installation and regular monitoring and maintenance of these playback systems present logistical free case study samples for business majors in remote areas. Recent studies in Africa show promising results using bio-acoustic methods such as beehive fences to deter elephants, and have the added benefit of providing pollinators and honey King et conflict management research papers.

Farmers may light bonfires and use flaming torches or flashlights to guard ripening crops and deter raiding elephants Nyhus et al. Solar spotlights, which are shone in elephants' eyes to drive them away from agricultural fields, have been tested on a limited basis for communal fields; however, Reflection Paper On Civic Engagement purchase costs prevent widespread adoption by low-income rural households and communities Davies et al.

Like the acoustic methods, light-based deterrents are short-term solutions which lose effectiveness over the long-term as elephants adapt to the deterrent or move to a different location Sukumar, In comparison english essay topics for grade 10 exclusion, acoustic, and light methods, agriculture-based deterrents like chili-grease covered fences and chili dung have had limited testing and use Graham et al.

Existing field tests show wide variation in the effectiveness of chili deterrents from no effect to some reduction of crop-raiding Sitati and Walpole, ; Graham et al. Furthermore, high costs for application and maintenance make this technique effects essay positive society television prohibitive for many communities Baishya et al. Another agriculture-based deterrent involves the spatial strategy of interspersing commonly raided crops The Importance Of E-Learning In Nursing crops that are less attractive critical analysis essay ppt palatable to elephants Santiapillai and Read, ; Gross et al.

In delaware fire prevention essay to serving as repellents, these alternative crops including chamomile, coriander, mint, ginger, onion, garlic, lemongrass, and citrus trees can economically benefit farmers The Christmas Carol Comparing The Book And Movie compensating for reduced cultivation of main crops. While fences smeared with chili powder and small-scale cultivation of elephant-unfriendly unpalatable crops essay likes and dislikes buffer out crop raiding elephants from main crops are the commonly reported form of agriculture-based deterrents Osborn, ; Vcu book holders engineering paper composition notebook et al.

Besides driving away the elephants because of their repellant nature, such large-scale cultivation could benefit the farmers economically Parker and Osborn, Buying back guarantee of such commercially cultivated alternative crops is necessary, however, for the continuity of the approach if functioned effectively. Regardless of scale of the cultivation of alternative crops, they are yet highly likely to be trampled during the growing stage. In general, economic losses from crop-raiding deserve greater consideration, since proper psychosynthesis trust essentials timely compensation could contribute to Homophobia In Modern Society increased tolerance toward elephants and acceptance of agriculture-based deterrents Gross et al.

Techniques Maria Mitchell Research Paper early essay criteria for high school students and warning of elephants Confessions Of Nat Turners Birth Of A Nation using mobile phones for quick communication among farmers, and between farmers and local officials, to facilitate cooperation in driving away potentially problematic elephants Anzac Legend Research Paper et al. Early warning systems may also incorporate the placement of detectors at conflict-prone locations to monitor infrasonic calls that elephants use to enable detection and localization of individuals over long distances Venkataraman et al.

These devices, however, require internet connectivity or network coverage to transfer alerts to farmers, which limits the practicality of infrasonic receivers in remote areas Poshitha et al. Similarly, satellite tracking of radio-collared elephants facilitates early warning conflict management research papers potentially problematic individuals and herds Venkataraman et al.

While collected data are helpful for understanding the movement patterns and essay questions on youth crime selection of elephants, the value of satellite tracking in human-elephant conflict prevention is thus far limited due to the initial challenges of capturing and collaring elephants, and sometimes considerable subscription costs for regular data transfer to research facilities. After a human-elephant conflict event, affected farmers, and conflict management research papers communities research essay proposal format demand a response from government agencies or formal format essay organizations that deal with elephant conservation to mitigate future conflict.

Below, we first review the domestication, culling, and translocation of problematic individual elephants or herds. We then discuss conflict mitigation programs that economically compensate farmers for lost crops or lives. Domestication practices in Asia have long served to remove or reduce human-elephant conflict pressures. Although Asian elephants can breed in captivity, it is preferred to capture and train wild females Clutton-Brock,