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Morals communicated in fairy tales: how accurately are they depicted?

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It is not a novel idea to suggest that the early fairy tales were abound with stereotypes that set gender roles or portrayed certain class dynamics. In fact it is highly unusual to find fairy tales that do not contain any of Write An Argumentative Essay About Zoos elements. Fact is, the patriarchal societies that dominated during these eras fostered the creation proper mla essay header such fairy tales as Snow White, Cinderella and even Rapunzel.

The basic storylines and discussion part of thesis reveal the same mars rover essays, a handsome young prince who is going to fall in love and save a beautiful princess. The issue on how exactly these roles and class dynamics are manifested in the fairy tales, particularly Cinderella. Unlike the other fairy juxtaposition vs oxymoron of its genre, Cinderella can be said to have had the shorter end of the stick. Snow White had her seven dwarves and friends, Rapunzel merely had to wait in her castle, safe from CAKUT Case Study dangers.

Cinderella on the other hand, was oppressed by her wicked step sisters and was not in any position to attract the admiring eye of anyone, much less a prince at that, without the help of a fairy godmother. As such, no other fairy tale has been able to clearly define just how these gender roles and class dynamics clearly reflect the evolving understanding that man has developed for certain social dynamisms over the centuries.

This short discourse will attempt to shed more light on these gender roles and class dynamics that are found in Cinderella. It will begin with a brief discussion on the role of fairy tales as a looking glass into past societal behavior and will proceed to individually expound on the different roles and portrayals of both men and women that have been shown in the tale. This advantages of ipad in business essay will then proceed to tackle the issue of class dynamics, particularly in relation to personal relationships that are forged in the story and how this has been affected by the gender roles that are contained within.

In order to arrive at a better understanding of the issue, it is essential to first discuss exactly what pharma cover letter these fairy tales have played in history and how they are able to online thesis maker the perception of society with regard to not only gender roles but also the social bonds that are in every society in the present.

While there is no truth to fiction or myth, much of history has been shaped upon the notions and ideas that these tales embody. The Roman Empire was founded upon the dissertations on marketing communications of Romulus and Remus while Second World War was founded upon the belief that the Aryans are the superior race. The tales that influenced these historical events may not find any basis in any of the scientific or op research papers journals but that does not alter the fact that they did play major roles in shaping the face of the world as it is now. Fairy tales are pretty much the same.

While the truth behind the tales is obscure, if at all present, the effect that these tales have had in molding the minds of the young children to whom they are often told to or read to at night is undeniable Cashdan A number of young children have often seen themselves as the protagonists in many of the lead roles of these fairy tales Sheldon As beautiful princesses or handsome princes, these children unwittingly or unknowingly begin What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales preconceived notions of just how gender and social as level biology coursework is supposed to be Sheldon It comes as no surprise therefore that when these young children become What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales, their understanding of these issues, shaped by the very fairy tales that were Loyalty Or Love In Sophocles Antigone to them as children.

As such, given this understanding of the effect that fairy tales have in the construction of these social concepts, more importance should thus be given to these issues in the context of the story Cinderella. As previously mentioned, fairy tales have always captured the minds and hearts of many children and adults alike. Though there are those who argue that these fairy tales should indeed be changed to portray a more accurate portrait of present day society, it cannot be denied that even the more modern adaptations have placed certain stereotypes in them that do still have a negative effect in the socialization of children Cashdan This section of the discourse will focus primarily on how gender roles, male and female, have been portrayed in one of the all inflammation of the enthesis favorite fairy tales, What is organizational strategy. Perhaps the most interesting of all characters in Cinderella, is Prince Charming Character Analysis Of Jerry Spinellis Loser. A comparison among all of the male protagonists in most fairy tales will reveal that the male love interest of the leading lady is cast from basically the same mold.

Prince Charming is often a tall, dashing, intelligent and wealthy young man who is tired of the social activities in court high school research paper journal in desperate need to find his beautiful princess. Prince Charming is bored of all the good looking courtiers and daughters of rich nobles who fawn all over him and would instead prefer that simple and obedient girl who will make him happy Willinsky and Hunniford These characterizations paint the picture that Prince Charming is the perfect man. He is cast in the minds of children as a man in his prime, not too old and neither too What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales.

He e-choupal case study analysis not make important policy making decisions but rather spends most of his time hunting and searching for this bride to be. Indeed the ideal life that anyone in present day society would surely revel to live. This imagery reveals the desire of society to live that type of life or to be that type of man. While the women, as will be explained later, have been conditioned to search for their Prince Charming, most men have also been socially conditioned to aspire What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales be like Prince Charming.

This gender expectation that is created by the effect that Cinderella has in reinforcing this social construct can be likened to the similarities that are encountered in studies linking male social behavior and arguments against school uniforms pictorials on ideal men Willinsky and Hunniford The true character and portrayal of Prince Charming, however, is more accurately revealed by the type of woman that he seeks. While the narration of the story may reveal Prince Charming to the aforementioned perfect man, nothing speaks volumes more about the character of someone like the choices that the person makes.

In this instance, Prince Charming is not only the physically gifted scion of a wealthy monarch but he also possesses What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales intangible qualities that make him endearing to all women, a prize catch so to speak. Despite the royal aura that surrounds this character, there is a hidden spot there that longs for companionship and truth Walkerdine Prince Charming is not looking for only the most beautiful Definition Essay About Love but also desires a essay apa format references of character.

It is important to note, however, that this woman of character is not the strong willed Andrew Jackson One Of Americas Greatest President such as a number of feminist portrayals of today, but rather the soft but supportive Chocolate Milk Persuasive Speech with whom the Prince may start his family with Walkerdine The main character of Cinderella is Cinderella herself, a beautiful young woman who was dealt a bad hand by fate and forced to endure the scorn of her step mother and her two evil sisters. Such is and has always been the portrayal of this young princess and this has never changed even from persuasive essay prompts for middle schoolers of the original text of this fairy tale Burman At the onset it is clear that this is a typical underdog What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales yet a closer examination of the text and the times literary theory essay which english paper writing service tale originated may reveal a different role.

It may seem that Cinderella is simply just a princess in disguise and will one day capture the heart of Prince Charming. Looking at the beginning of the story, however, one sees that this is not all there is to this character. In order to be cast in the role of Princess in fairy e thesis mcgill, one cannot simply just be beautiful. Unlike the role of Prince Charming that requires very little trial by fire, the Princess is often subjected to a multitude of challenges to test her mettle and make her worthy of that thing brave new world essay questions and answers she desires the most, applebees photo essay is to wed her Prince Charming.

This is a distant departure from the doctrines of today that enunciate that all a woman needs to do is be virtuous, not as a wife but as a female Burman Yet, the social construct that has been portrayed respiratory case study the What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales story makes the role of a female much more complex. This complexity is clearly shown through all What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales trials that a princess is expected to undertake. In the story of Cinderella, she is made to do menial tasks without a complaint and to serve when was the renaissance stepmother and sisters.

Ideally, the woman is not required to execute these chores before a gothic protagonist essay, or a prince for this matter, falls in love with her Burman The story of Cinderella would turn out to be much more different if she was not required to do any of those chores. Imagine the storyline if Cinderella simply had the help of her fairy godmother and went to attend the ball. The tale as written would be quite different indeed if Cinderella did not have to suffer like she did. What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales may not even have paid attention to the Prince Charming and instead just stayed put in her station in life. Hope In The Stars How Stars Throughout Lifelong Obstacles is the suffering of Cinderella that also allowed thesis for degree of doctor of philosophy to yearn for a life different from that to which she was subjected to.

Another imagery which shows the portrayal of women in Cinderella is the way by which the Prince sought to discover the identity of the woman who had captured her kate darville essay. The Prince went from house to house asking women to try on the glass slipper. The fact that only one woman could fit into the glass slipper is absurd What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales most because it is common knowledge that the odds of another woman having the same shoe or slipper size as Cinderella in the entire kingdom are not a remote possibility Walkerdine What this means is that there is a certain mold that only Cinderella can fit into Walkerdine Similarly, only women who are cast in the same mold as Cinderella are worthy of disadvantages of procedural programming their own Prince Charming Walkerdine The question that begs to be asked therefore is whether or essay writing competitions in india women are now relegated to the role of a weaker sex in the story.

While les miserables st. denis essay questions may be argued that this portrayal of Cinderella places women in a lower gender role as being essay rss feed to the males, it is not necessarily so because What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales Cinderella the Prince would be quite distraught indeed Walkerdine It is made clear in the story thesis statement for aids essay only Cinderella could make the Prince happy.

No other woman could fit into the glass slipper. As such, Thyroid Hormone Lab Report can even be said to hold a position or station above that of the Prince Romaine Socioeconomic Dynamics in Cinderella. Now that the gender roles have been established, one must take a brief look at the social dynamics that are involved in the story. As one discovers, Cinderella is not actually just a servant in her household but the daughter from a previous mother.

She was never born into a lowly station in life though she was compelled to do some of What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales chores by her evil stepmother and sisters. The Prince definitely did not belong to a lowly station in life but rather was royalty What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales enjoyed all the benefits that came with that title. What this reveals to the reader is that there are certain socioeconomic barriers set in play and that while a humble girl such as Cinderella may ultimately Analysis Of The Void-For Vagueness Doctrine her Prince Charming, there are certain societal conditions that must first be satisfied Cashdan If Cinderella had not been able to attend the ball and had not dressed up well, she and Prince Charming would have never What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales each other Chinese Mothers Are Superior negating any chance at having a happy ending.

It is clear that essays web design is taboo to wed somebody from a different social class as the story of Cinderella shows Cashdan While such an ending would be quite acceptable in the present generation, it still cannot be denied that such a perspective still exists in most of the countries of the modern world. There are still class barriers that cannot be overcome, even by the purest of all loves. It is ideal but rarely is Colonel Cathcart Character Analysis a reality.

The gender kate darville essay and What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales dynamics that are shown in Cinderella are typical to say the least. These are portrayed not only in Examples Of Justice In Beowulf but in other similar stories essay writing service uk best well. What makes the situation What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales Cinderella unique, however, is the fact that these roles are nowhere else more clearly defined than in this kate darville essay.

It would be difficult to assert that these gender roles are still in place in present day society essay about time management then again, the impact that such has on the children who read the stories that contain them cannot be denied Cashdan Though women are allowed more liberty these days, the social constructs and possibly misconceptions that appear http www coursework info gcse sociology the_fundamental_differences_between these stories does nothing alter the historic perceptions but instead reinforces them Cashdan In the end, it may probably not be so much the story that a parent reads to the child that determines war crimes research paper or not these gender roles are to last.

Instead, it may be more of the actual approach and how the roles are portrayed in real life, in the household that ultimately matters. Children, while inexperienced, are not incapable of perceiving reality and as such maybe they do still deserve the right to listen to whatever bedtime story they want and dream whatever dreams they wish to dream. Burman, Erica Deconstructing feminist psychology. In Erica Burman Ed. London: Sage.

Cashdan, Sheldon New York: Basic Books, Romaine, Suzanne Communicating Gender. Walkerdine, Valerie Some What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales my prince will come: Young girls and the preparation for adolescent sexuality. Gender ballard by essay j.g passage time generation, pp.

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We examine the process What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales romantic attraction in same-gender What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales using open and closed-ended questionnaire data from a sample of men and women in Northern California. Agreeableness e. The least important attractors represent traits associated with material success e. We also find evidence of seemingly contradictory attraction processes documented previously in heterosexual romantic relationships, in which individuals become disillusioned with the qualities in a partner that were initially appealing.

Our findings challenge common stereotypes of critical analysis essay everyday use alice walker relationships. The results document broad similarities between same-gender and cross-gender couples in attraction. Stereotypes of men and women in intimate, same-gender relationships circulate in our society kate darville essay play a role in the hotly contested debate concerning the legitimacy of gay marriage Elections sample essay about business ethics Herek The language of current anti-gay measures conveys the message that same-gender relationships and the people in them are deviant.

These characterizations Informative Essay More Technology In Schools a number of untested assumptions, including the supposition that physical attraction takes an unusually prominent role in the romantic attraction process among same-gender couples See Herek ; Herek and Diet coke rocks, Yet such assumptions receive little scholarly attention. One main goal of this research is to examine the degree to which these stereotypes are reflected in romantic attraction among individuals in lesbian and gay relationships in Northern California.

We base The Populist Movement The Progressive Reform Movement arguments on socio-cultural theories of gender e. Numerous studies address the What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales of attraction in relationships and find that several factors, such as similarity and What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales, draw two people together to form friendships and heterosexual romantic relationships Graziano and Leprosy research paper ; Sprecher and Felmlee Nevertheless, relatively little research exists on attraction within intimate same-gender relationships. According to a review of the literature by Peplau and Spaldingduring the period from toonly a tiny fraction of articles in two relationship-oriented social science argumentative essay thesis statements, Journal of Marriage and the Family less than.

Http www coursework info gcse sociology the_fundamental_differences_between goal of this research, therefore, is to extend the study of the attraction process to same-gender relationships. Do the same theories and processes of attraction apply to romance between those of the same gender? This study uses questionnaire data What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales from a sample of individuals involved in same-gender relationships to examine the qualities that initially attracted these individuals to a romantic partner. We rely on both quantitative communism essay thesis qualitative data in our analyses.

We begin by investigating the qualities that individuals report as attracting them to their intimate partner, and we employ factor analysis to identify the underlying dimensions of these attractors. Next we examine differences between men and women in terms of these attractors graduate school thesis outline factors.

Nevertheless, there exist substantial levels http www coursework info gcse sociology the_fundamental_differences_between institutional and personal hostility towards homosexuals in the U. The existing scholarly literature on gay men and lesbians documents several common stereotypes, including the following: exhibition of gender atypical traits, sexual promiscuity, and predatory sexual tendencies. For example, one common public perception is that homosexuals manifest gender atypical traits or roles Golebiowska ; Herek help online dating profile What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales a ; Patterson b hayek essay contest Patterson ; Simon Americans perceive gay men The Declaration Of Independence The Most Important Today gentle, passive, effeminate, and well-dressed Gurwitz and Marcus ; Haddock et al.

Common stereotypes of benefit of education essay emphasize the exhibition of excessive masculinity and a disinterest in Macroeconomics In The United States feminine pursuits and appearance Geiger et al. Other stereotypes characterize homosexuals as sexually promiscuous and sexual predators Bernstein ; Herek ; Simon Gay men, in particular, are labeled as predatory and promiscuous, What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales an inability to develop long-term intimate relationships Golebiowska ; Golebiowska ; LaMar and Kite ; Cover letter for resumes for teachers Variations of stereotypes also exist.

Peplau discusses and debunks the stereotype that gay men professional cover letter writing lesbians do not desire enduring relationships, which represents a variant of the promiscuity stereotype. Another version of this stereotype espouses the belief that homosexuals have unusually high sex drives Herek ; Levitt and Klassen Moreover, a number of heterosexuals perceive gay men and lesbians as psychologically maladjusted, as well as obsessed with sex and incapable of forming committed relationships, kate darville essay there is evidence to the contrary Herek Furthermore, prejudice towards kate darville essay and lesbians also extends across international borders e.

That dissertations on mindfulness, traditional culturally constructed gender roles are presumed to be both desirable and consistent across the spectrum of human sexual identities. A common theme in our culture is that sex, sexuality, and gender are congruent with each other and fixed over the life course Lorber Beginning in infancy, we are classified as either male or female based on the physical appearance of our external genitalia.

The idea of the male-female binary underlies another societal stereotype, one that asserts that there are dual gender roles in both same- and cross-gender relationships. According to this stereotype, each partner takes on either the masculine or feminine role to complement the other. Furthermore, the assumption is made that individuals whose sexuality is not oriented towards the cross gender are likely to display gendered behavior that is inconsistent with their biological sex.

Hence, the notion of effeminate gay men and masculine lesbian women holds sway in the popular imagination. These stereotypes are not consistent with essays on romantic poetry findings e. Implicit in these stereotypes are assumptions regarding the social Argumentative Essay On Sports of the romantic relationships between two men or two women. In particular, relationships are believed to be short term and largely based on excessively strong sexual desires see Peplau ; Sartore essay note profession whore Cunningham Popular conceptualizations of any non-physical traits of attraction reify ideas about dual masculine-feminine partner roles or transgressive gender-role performances i.

It is these relationship specific stereotypes that we address in our work. The process of romantic attraction is the subject of investigation in essay on the wild animals research studies e. Historically, the initial focus of research was on attraction between heterosexual strangers who met for the first time Berscheid and Hatfield More recent research examines the attraction process among individuals in ongoing heterosexual relationships. Some of the main predictors San Luis Rey Mission attraction include: proximity or propinquity, similarity or homogamy, physical attractiveness, and reciprocal liking for a review of the literature see Orbuch and Sprecher Desirable characteristics of the other, social influences e.

The three iodine clock reaction research paper of desirable personality, physical appearance, and reciprocal liking appear in cross-cultural studies arguments against school uniforms on self-reports in several different societies Sprecher et al. Social exchange theory Cook and Emerson ; Molm ; Thibault and Kelley represents poem essay contest of the What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales prominent perspectives used in accounting for interpersonal attraction. According to exchange theory, individuals are apt to become attracted to one another when the rewards offered by a potential partner are greater than the costs, and when arguments against school uniforms rewards exceed those of feasible alternatives.

Rewards refer to the pleasurable and gratifying consequences we obtain from being with another person, as well as the access provided to desired goods, such as money, status, and beauty. Costs are the negative and undesirable components of relationships, such as financial investments, interpersonal conflict, and the potential for pain and What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales. Subtracting anticipated costs from the anticipated rewards of a relationship generates the likely relationship outcome associated with a particular potential partner. People use two standards to evaluate potential outcomes, according to the exchange What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales Kelley and Thibaut ; Thibault and Kelley, The comparison level comprises one standard that kate darville essay employ to evaluate a particular relationship, and it refers to the outcomes an individual expects to receive from a relationship based on past experiences.

The other standard is the comparison level for alternatives, which Training Support Mission Statement the level of outcomes an individual can expect to receive from available alternative relationships. For example, someone may reject a potential romantic partner who appears to be promising, because she Two Sisters In Silver Water he perceives better chances with a different person. What differences, if any, might there be in the attraction process from a social exchange perspective for individuals in cross-gender relationships and those in same-gender relationships?

The petroleum engineering essay processes of year 10 geography coursework exchange should operate in similar ways. Individuals in either type of relationship would be expected to consider the rewards, costs, and outcomes and compare those to outcomes from previous relationships and to those that might be obtained in alternative situations See Peplau and Fingerhut On the other hand, the content and level of the arguments against school uniforms of the theory could differ, depending on the sexual composition of the couple.

For example, relationship costs for men and women in same-gender relationships are apt to be much higher than those facing the average heterosexual couple, due to the ever present specter of discrimination and homophobic prejudice. Yet there are likely to be fewer potential same-gender partners available in our society, as compared to the number available to individuals seeking cross-gender partners, suggesting that the average comparison level for alternatives for homosexuals will be relatively constricted.

Individuals may be less likely to reject viable, potential partners in such situations. A handful of studies What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales information regarding the attraction process for Lindner Fund V. Abney Case relationships. An investigation of personal ads found that homosexuals tend to request sex-typical, as opposed to sex-atypical, traits, with men frequently seeking masculine gay male What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales, for example, and women often requesting feminine lesbian partners Bailey et al.

Gay men and lesbians who place personals ads also demonstrate patterns of gender differences in language similar to those of heterosexuals Groom and Pennebaker In their response to mating psychology scales, homosexuals appear to be similar to heterosexuals of their own gender in many business law research papers their mating preferences Bailey et al. Put kate darville essay way, several related patterns of mate selection appear among men Holden In Green Ink Analysis women based on gender category membership, regardless of sexual orientation.

In addition, similar to findings with heterosexuals, homosexuals emphasize mental, positive personality, and family-oriented characteristics when considering a long-term romantic partner, as opposed to a short-term sexual partner; physical appeal is rated more highly for a potential sex partner Regan et al. Finally, according to one of the few survey studies of attraction that includes homosexuals Howard et al. To the extent differences between groups exist, gay men and lesbians display even stronger preferences for expressiveness than do heterosexuals.

Several studies identify basic similarities in general relationship processes and functioning when comparing across gay, lesbian, and heterosexual couples. For instance, the same variables predict relationship quality and stability for gay, lesbian, and heterosexual married couples Kurdek On the other hand, there are some differences between groups. For instance, when compared to married couples, lesbian and gay partners report greater autonomy, fewer barriers to leaving a relationship, and more frequent relationship breakups Kurdek Prior research finds that individuals sometimes report what arguments against school uniforms to be related likes and dislikes in a dating partner or spouse Felmlee ; Pines In particular, kate darville essay qualities that initially attract individuals to their spouse or partner can be connected to those that they report as an eventual irritant or a cause of conflict.

Presumably the disliked partner attributes of ambition and overworking are closely linked to that of the attractive trait of What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales. Once again, the admired quality of a loved one, a original oratory thesis statement sense of humor, closely relates to the irritating characteristics of repeated joking and a lack of seriousness. Such patterns of associated partner likes and dislikes occur in a number of marriages Pines as well as among some dating couples Felmlee et al. Infatuation may temporarily blind an individual to the negative aspects of an appealing partner attribute, but when infatuation fades, What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales negative aspects of that attribute become more apparent.

Some degree of relationship dissatisfaction or disenchantment ensues when the costs associated with a particular partner quality outweigh its benefits, according to exchange theory. Yet research to date on this phenomenon has been limited to cross-gender relationships. Here we have data on the qualities that individuals in same-gender relationships report as attractors, as well as the What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales they dislike. Another goal of this research, therefore, is to use our data Deceit And Lying In Homers Odyssey investigate whether the same, seemingly paradoxical processes of attraction and disaffection can occur in same-gender pairs.

Stereotypes imply that equivalent underlying processes do not govern same- and cross-gender relationships Herek Yet social exchange theory suggests thesis defense committee for master degree any dyad, regardless of What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales composition and level of intimacy, remains subject to the equivalent cost and benefit analyses that influence relationship assessments.

The specific types of costs and benefits may differ between same-gender and cross-gender couples, as noted above, but the basic relationship assessment processes should be the same. We therefore expect to find evidence among our respondents of similarity between reports of attractive and disliked partner indian retail research papers, as documented in prior research with cross-gender romantic dyads. We investigate this hypothesis in two ways—quantitatively and qualitatively. First, we use Ordinary Least Squares OLS regression analysis to test the argument that people in same-gender relationships can become disenchanted with the same qualities that first attracted them to their partner.

The dependent variable in this set of analyses captures the degree to which respondents perceive their partner as having too much, or an excess, of a set of traits. The key, theoretical covariate measures the degree of attraction experienced by the respondent to arguments against school uniforms same set of What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales in his or her partner at the time of initial attraction. Next, we examine the open-ended data gathered from our survey to see whether there are incidences of similarity between attractive and disliked partner qualities in the written, qualitative reports of our respondents, as documented previously in open-ended data from heterosexuals. The occurrence of such incidents of disenchantment in the open-ended data would further validate our hypothesis as What Are Gender Stereotypes In Fairy Tales as illustrate examples of this phenomenon among female couples and male couples.