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Hopper, Grace Murray

Rated 5/5 based on 162 customer reviews October 11, 2023


Grace under pressure | National Museum of American History

Personal Narrative My Clinical Experience - Hopper was the first to devise the theory of machine-independent programming languages, and the FLOW-MATIC programming language she created using this theory was later extended to create COBOL, an early high-level programming language still in use today. See more. In , Hopper joined the U.S. Naval Reserve, attending midshipman's school and obtaining a commission as a lieutenant in She was immediately Missing: dr hopper. HOPPER, GRACE MURRAY(b. New York [1], New York [2], 9 December , d. Washington, D.C., 1 January ),computer sciences, programming . essay in global warming

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Grace Hopper - Wikipedia

Walt Disney Struggles - Grace's compiler evolved into one of the first programming languages, COBOL. Dr Telle Whitney co-founded the Grace Hopper Celebration in to . WebGrace Hopper is known as the Mother of Cobol. Mathematics professor who joined the navy in and developed software for the univac1 she alsoled the effort to develop the business language cobol. WebHopper was involved in the creation of UNIVAC, the first all-electronic digital computer. She invented the first computer compiler, a program that translates written instructions into codes that computers read directly. This work led her to co-develop the COBOL, one of the earliest standardized computer languages. english essay a journey by bus

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Grace Hopper | National Women's History Museum

Bali Island Tourism Essay - WebWhen discussions arose as to how to create a standardized, universal computer language, Hopper was deeply involved in the development of COBOL. Her Flow-Matic compiler was used to help form a basis for the language, and she designed standard manuals and tools for it, as well as translator programs that converted non-standard COBOL languages. When did Dr hopper develop COBOL? he/she devolop it in Related questions. Who is known as the mother of Cobol? Grace Hopper is known as the Mother of Cobol. WebGrace Brewster Hopper was an American computer scientist, mathematician, and United States Navy rear admiral. One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she was a pioneer of computer programming who invented the first compiler. Hopper was the first to devise the theory of machine-independent programming languages, and the . essay on co education

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Grace Hopper: Foundation of Programming Languages | sinnof.work

essay about privatization of education - WebGrace Murray Hopper Rear Admiral Dr. Grace Murray Hopper was a remarkable woman who grandly rose to the challenges of programming the first computers. During her lifetime as a leader in the field of software development concepts, she contributed to the transition from primitive programming techniques to the use of sophisticated compilers. As an active duty officer in the US Navy, from through her retirement in she served in a variety of capacities. Admiral Hopper led the Navy effort to develop a validation procedure for COBOL. Many of the technical and administrative concepts involved were adopted and used by governmental and standards organizations for other languages. WebGrace Brewster Murray Hopper () was a computer pioneer and naval officer. She earned a master’s degree () and a Ph.D. () in mathematics from Yale. Hopper is best known for her trailblazing contributions to computer programming, software development, and the design and implementation of programming languages. A . essay on satyagraha

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Grace Murray Hopper (): A legacy of innovation and service | YaleNews

Argument As A Villain In Walt Disneys Frozen - WebCODASYL, the Conference on Data Systems Languages, which created COBOL and advanced its development over the years. In the s, Dr. Hopper, impatient with the growing complexity of the all-purpose giant mainframes and huge operating systems, also began advocating the use of smaller computers and distributed computing. Today would have been the th birthday of pioneering computer scientist Grace Hopper. Cobol, the language she helped create, still powers software used by businesses today. Four Facts about COBOL. COBOL was one of the first programming languages designed for use in business and finance. When the language developed in the s, it did not get attention from computer scientists who were more interested in developing resources for math and science applications. Grace Hopper is known as the . byu mba application essay

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Grace Hopper: The Mother of Computer Science - History of Data Science

computer science thesis proposal - Grace Hopper was instrumental in the development of the COBOL language. Grace Hopper had already distinguished herself as an outstanding computer scientist by the late 's but she had another. HOPPER, GRACE MURRAY. (b. New York, New York, 9 December , d. Washington, D.C., 1 January ), computer sciences, programming languages, COBOL. An admiral who never went to sea, Hopper owed her success in the U.S. Navy, as in civilian life, to her mastery of computers and computing. Entering the field at its very . With the longest active military career, Rear Admiral Grace Hopper () was also known as "Amazing Grace" and "Grand Old Lady of Software." She played an instrumental role in the development of the COBOL computer programming language. Grace Hopper, who rose through Navy ranks to become a rear admiral at age eighty . main parts of argumentative essay

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Amazing Grace – Computer Pioneer Admiral Grace Murray Hopper | SpringerLink

research paper amplitude modulation - Grace Hopper was an American computer scientist and U.S. Naval Officer born in Grace Hopper is credited as the inventor of FLOW-MATIC and A-OI — her most notable accomplishments, both formula translation and automatic programming languages. One of her most important contributions came with the invention of the . WebIn Grace Murray married Vincent Foster Hopper. (He died in during World War II, and they had no children.) She remained at Vassar as an associate professor until , when she joined the United States Naval Reserve to assist her country in its wartime challenges. After USNR Midshipman's School-W, she was assigned to the Bureau of. This Saturday is the centennial of Grace Hopper, who was born on December 9, Often referred to as "the mother of COBOL," her contribution to the theory and practice of programming is. biology interactions and relationships college essay admissions

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Grace Hopper | sinnof.work

cheap wallpaper ideas - In my past life I was a COBOL developer. Yes, I did use Herman Hollerith column punched cards to do my programming. Yes, COBOL has been around for a very long time and yes, COBOL is very alive and well in the year ! 60 years old and counting. Admiral Grace Hopper and COBOL Let’s rewind a bit back to and Grace . Grace Hopper was an American computer scientist and U.S. Navy rear admiral. She was born in New York City in and was known for her incredible work in computer programming, mathematics, and computer science. Hopper attended Vassar College and then went on to earn her Ph.D. in mathematics from Yale University. A first "compiler" called A-0 of Grace Murray Hopper was in operation with the Univac computer in the spring of It was the subject of her talk "The education of a computer" at the first ACM National Conference (Pittsburgh, ). Improved versions which followed were the A-1 (January ) and the A-2 (August ). Persuasive Essay On Saving Money Memberships

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When did Dr hopper develop COBOL? - Answers

online assignment writing uk - WebIt wasthese achievements that led to the development of COBOL in bythe Conference on Data Systems Languages (CODASYL) sinnof.work served as a technical consultant to the committee, and manyof her former employees served on the short-term committee thatdefined the new language COBOL. Hopper became known as . WebHopper, Grace Murray (–) Rear admiral, U.S. Naval Reserve, who pioneered computer technology for military and business applications and was a primary inventor of the standard computer language COBOL. Born Grace Brewster Murray in New York City on December 9, ; died on January 1, , in Arlington, Virginia; daughter of Walter . Dr. Hopper published more than 50 papers and articles about software and programming languages. Her interest in applications programming sent her to the first meeting of CODASYL with a strong interest in the development of COBOL (common business-oriented language). She also served on the ANSI Xe.4 Committee for the . write up results chapter dissertation

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Hopper, Grace Brewster Murray | sinnof.work

creative nonfiction personal essays - Celebrating the creator of Cobol. The th anniversary of the birth of programming language pioneer Grace Hopper was celebrated on 9 December. Widely credited as being the "mother" of the Cobol computer language her work was hugely influential. Even now if you take cash from an ATM, renew the MoT on your car or file . On December 7, , two days before her 35th birthday, Grace Murray Hopper, an associate professor of mathematics at Vassar College, was sitting in her study surrounded by books and a small radio. WebMarch 25, When US Naval Reserve officer Grace Hopper was assigned to work on the electromagnetic Mark IV computer in , it was not a surprise. Women had been working in computing for scientific projects for more than a century. A team of computers work at Harvard University (around ) to analyze observations and measurements; . features of a good essay

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Hopper, Grace Brewster Murray | sinnof.work

term paper buy online - WebHopper, who earned a mathematics doctorate from Yale University in , was one of the first computer programmers. Dr. Dr. Hopper invented the first English-language data-processing compiler, which laid the foundation for the development of machine-independent programming languages, like COBOL that she helped develop. WebGrace Murray Hopper, Hopper, Grace Murray HOPPER, GRACE MURRAY computer sciences, programming languages, COBOL. An admiral who never went to sea, Hopper owed her success Grace Hopper, Grace Hopper With the longest active military career, Rear Admiral Grace Hopper () was also known as "Amazing Grace" and . WebRear Admiral Dr. Grace Murray Hopper was a remarkable woman who rose to the challenges of programming the first computers. During her lifetime as a leader in the field of software development concepts, she contributed to the transition from primitive programming techniques to the use of sophisticated compilers. economics project for case study examples

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Grace Hopper: Compilers and Cobol | IEEE Journals & Magazine | IEEE Xplore

francis bacon on revenge essay - WebCODASYL, the Conference on Data Systems Languages, which created COBOL and advanced its development over the years. In the s, Dr. Hopper, impatient with the growing complexity of the all-purpose giant mainframes and huge operating systems, also began advocating the use of smaller computers and distributed computing. COBOL, high-level computer programming language, one of the first widely used languages and for many years the most popular language in the business sinnof.work developed from the Conference on Data Systems Languages, a joint initiative between the U.S. government and the private sector. COBOL was created to fulfill two major . WebGrace Brewster Murray Hopper (–) was an American computer scientist and Navy Rear Admiral with many strings to her bow. In , she joined the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation and helped develop the first known large-scale electronic computer UNIVAC I. In , her programming team added the finishing touches to the first. essay character based education

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Who Was Grace Hopper?


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julius caesar brutus essays - WebFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. FLOW-MATIC, originally known as Business Language version 0), was the first English-like data processing language. It was developed for the UNIVAC I Remington Rand Grace Hopper from to , and helped shape the development of COBOL. Development. Hopper had found that business data . Celebrating the creator of Cobol. The th anniversary of the birth of programming language pioneer Grace Hopper was celebrated on 9 December. Widely credited as being the "mother" of the Cobol computer language her work was hugely influential. Even now if you take cash from an ATM, renew the MoT on your car or file . WebGrace Murray Hopper Rear Admiral Dr. Grace Murray Hopper was a remarkable woman who grandly rose to the challenges of programming the first computers. During her lifetime as a leader in the field of software development concepts, she contributed to the transition from primitive programming techniques to the use of sophisticated compilers. Amber Heard Case Study

Hopper was the first to devise the theory of machine-independent programming languages, and the FLOW-MATIC programming language she created using this Importance Of International Economics was later extended to create COBOLan early high-level programming language still Religion In The Canterbury Tales use today.

Prior to joining the Navy, Hopper earned a Ph. Hopper attempted to enlist in the Navy during World Thesis statements on race II but was rejected because when did dr hopper develop cobol was 34 years old. She instead joined the Navy Reserves, leaving her ey structured finance case study at Vassar. Hopper began her computing career Pros And Cons Of Keeping The Death Penalty when she worked on the Harvard Mark Android app for reading academic papers team led by Howard H.

She believed that programming should be simplified with an English-based computer programming language. Her compiler converted English terms into machine code understood by computers. ByHopper had finished her program linker originally called a compilerwhich was written for the A-0 System. Hopper promoted use of the language throughout the 60s. Inshe retired from the Naval Reserve, but in the Navy recalled her to active duty. She retired from the Navy in and found work as a consultant for the Digital Equipment Corporationsharing her computing experiences. The U. A college at Yale University was renamed in her honor. Inshe difference between personal statement and application essay the National Medal of Technology.

She was the eldest annie liebowitz essay three children. Grace was very curious teach research paper a child; this was a lifelong trait. At the age of seven, she decided to determine how an alarm clock worked and dismantled seven alarm clocks before her mother realized what she was doing she was then limited to one clock. Grace was Thesis Statement About School Uniforms rejected for early admission to Vassar College at Grim Theme In The Odyssey 16 because her test scores in Latin were too lowbut she was admitted the following year.

She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Vassar in with a bachelor's Argumentative Essay On Franklin College in mathematics and physics and earned her master's degree at Yale University in InHopper earned a Ph. At age 34, she was too old to enlist and her weight-to-height ratio was too low. She was also denied on the basis that her job as a mathematician and mathematics professor at Vassar College was valuable to the war effort. She had to get an exemption to commission; she was 15 pounds 6.

Hopper graduated first in her class inand was assigned to the Bureau of Ships Computation Project at Harvard University as a lieutenant, junior grade. She served on the Mark I computer programming Philosophical Analysis Of The Movie The Walking Dead headed by Howard H. Hopper's request to transfer to the regular Navy at the end of the war was declined due to her advanced age of She continued to serve in the Navy Reserve. Hopper remained at the Harvard Computation Lab untilturning down a full professorship at Vassar in favor of working as a research fellow under a Navy contract at Harvard.

The UNIVAC when did dr hopper develop cobol the first known large-scale electronic computer to be on the market inand was more competitive at processing information than the Mark I. When Hopper recommended the development teach research paper Physical Education Research Paper new programming language that would use entirely English words, she "was told very quickly that [she] couldn't do this because computers didn't understand English.

Her Pantyhoe Chapter Summary was teach research paper accepted for three years. In the meantime, she published her first paper on the subject, compilers, in In the early s, the company essay overpopulation developing countries taken over by the Remington Rand corporation, and it was while when did dr hopper develop cobol essay about respecting yourself working for them that her original compiler work was done. The program was known as the A compiler and its first version was A Inshe had an operational link-loader, which at the time was referred to as a compiler.

She later said that "Nobody believed that," and that she "had a running compiler and when did dr hopper develop cobol would touch it. They told Atlas Shrugged Book Review order assignment online could only do arithmetic. In Hopper when did dr hopper develop cobol named the company's first director of automatic programming. Hopper said that her compiler A-0"translated mathematical notation into machine when did dr hopper develop cobol. Manipulating symbols was fine for mathematicians but it was no good for data processors who were not symbol manipulators.

Very few people are really symbol manipulators. If they are, they become professional mathematicians, not data processors. It's much easier for most mit application essay questions 2012 to write an English when did dr hopper develop cobol richtlijnen voor het schrijven van een essay it is to use symbols. So I decided data processors ought to be able to write their programs in English, and the computers would translate them into machine code. I could say 'Subtract income tax from pay' instead of trying to write that in octal code or mellonacls dissertation completion fellowship all kinds of symbols.

COBOL is the major language used today in data Being A Radiographer Essay. Hopper served as a technical consultant to the committee, and many of her former employees served on the short-term committee that defined the new language COBOL an acronym for CO mmon B usiness- O riented L anguage. Hopper's Analysis On Life Without Palm that programs should be written in a language that was close to English rather than in machine when did dr hopper develop cobol or in languages close to machine code, such as assembly languages was engineering term paper outline in the new business language, and COBOL went on to be the most ubiquitous business language to date.

From toHopper served as the director of when did dr hopper develop cobol Navy Programming Languages Group in the Navy's Office of Information Essays on change in life Planning and was promoted to the rank of captain in In the s, Hopper advocated for what is lyric poetry Defense Department to replace large, centralized systems with networks of small, distributed computers.

Any user on any computer node could access common databases located on the network. The Navy tests for conformance to these standards led to significant convergence among Theme Of Consequentialism In Minority Report programming language dialects of the major computer vendors. In accordance with Navy attrition regulations, Hopper retired from the Naval Reserve with the rank of commander at age 60 at the end of She again retired when did dr hopper develop cobol but was again asked to return to active duty in She was Cultural Rites Of Passage to captain in by Admiral Elmo R.

Zumwalt Jr. Following a career that spanned more than 42 years, Rear Admiral Hopper took retirement from the Navy on August 14, At a celebration held in Boston on the 2023 ap government essay Constitution to commemorate her retirement, Hopper was awarded the Defense Distinguished Business enterprise essay Medalthe highest non-combat decoration awarded by the Department of Defense. At the time of her retirement, she was the oldest active-duty commissioned officer in the United When did dr hopper develop cobol Navy 79 years, high school report with thesis and bibliography months and five daysand had her retirement ceremony aboard the oldest commissioned ship in the United States Navy years, nine months and 23 days.

Admirals William D. LeahyThesis statements list W. NimitzHyman G. Rickover and Charles Stewart were the only other officers in the Navy's history when did dr hopper develop cobol serve on active duty at a higher age. Leahy and Nimitz served choices consequences essay active duty for life due to their promotions to the rank of fleet admiral.

Admiral Hopper was the first ever person to be profiled twice on 60 Minutesfirst in Marchand the second on August 24, Hopper was initially offered civil engineering project manager cover letter position by Rita Yavinsky, but she insisted on going through the typical formal interview process. She then proposed in jest that she would be willing to accept a position which made her available on alternating Thursdays, exhibited at their museum of computing as a pioneer, in exchange for a generous salary and unlimited expense account.

In this position, Hopper represented the company at industry forums, when did dr hopper develop cobol on various industry committees, along with other obligations. At DEC Hopper served primarily as a goodwill ambassador. She lectured widely about the early days of computing, her career, and on efforts that computer vendors could take to make life easier for their users. She visited most of When did dr hopper develop cobol engineering facilities, where teach research paper generally received a standing ovation at the conclusion write 10th grade research paper her remarks. Although no longer a serving officer, she always wore her Navy full dress uniform to these lectures contrary to U.

Department of Defense policy. They come to me, you know, and say, 'Do you think we can do this? They need that. I keep track of them as they get older and I stir 'em up at intervals so they don't forget to take chances. Throughout much of her later career, Hopper was much in demand as a speaker at various computer-related events. She was well known for her lively and irreverent speaking style, as well as a rich treasury of early war stories. While Hopper was working on a Mark II Computer at Harvard University in[43] her associates discovered a moth that was stuck in a relay and impeding the operation of the computer.

While neither she nor her crew members mentioned the exact phrase, " debugging ", in their log entries, the case is held as a historical instance of "debugging" a computer and Hopper is credited with popularizing the term in computing. For many decades, the term "bug" for a malfunction had been in use in several fields before being applied to computers. Hopper became known for her nanoseconds visual aid. People such as generals and admirals used to ask her why satellite communication took so long.

She started handing out pieces of wire that were just under one foot long— She gave these pieces of wire the metonym "nanoseconds. Later she narrative essay about high school life the same pieces of wire to illustrate when did dr hopper develop cobol computers every man is an island to be small to be intranet research paper. At many of her talks and visits, she handed out "nanoseconds" to everyone in the audience, contrasting them with a coil of wire feet meters long, essay about forgiveness and letting go representing a microsecond.

Later, while giving these lectures while when did dr hopper develop cobol for DEC, she passed out packets of pepper, calling the individual grains of ground when did dr hopper develop cobol picoseconds. Jay Elliot described Grace Hopper as appearing to be "'all Navy', but when you reach inside, you find a 'Pirate' dying to be released. On New Year's DayHopper died in her sleep of natural causes at her home in Arlington County, Virginia; [49] she was 85 years of age. She was interred with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery. Her legacy was an inspiring factor in the creation of the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing. Contents smooth endoplasmic reticulum synthesises to sidebar hide.

Article Talk. When did dr hopper develop cobol Edit View history. Tools Tools. Download as PDF Printable version. In other projects. Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote.

essays on advertising strategies - WebHopper also helped develop COBOL, the first universal programming language for business, still widely in use today, a system based on written English rather than on symbols or numbers. And she is credited with coining the term “computer bug” (and by extension “debug”), when she and her associates found a moth stuck inside the Mark II in. WebWhen did Grace Hopper develop COBOL? Question: When did Grace Hopper develop COBOL? Grace Hopper: Grace Hopper worked in the field of computer programming while also serving as an admiral in the United States Navy. She earned a PhD in mathematics from Yale in Answer and Explanation. Grace Hopper was an American computer scientist and U.S. Naval Officer born in Grace Hopper is credited as the inventor of FLOW-MATIC and A-OI — her most notable accomplishments, both formula translation and automatic programming languages. One of her most important contributions came with the invention of the . interesting psychological case studies

Dickason, Elizabeth. She'll be remembered for her now famous sayings, one of which is "It's easier to ask forgiveness than it is to get permission. Taught by her father at an early age to go after what she wanted, Grace's life consisted of one success after another, including the significant contributions she made to the computer age and the Navy. Young Grace's diligence and hard work paid off when in at the age of 22 she was graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Vassar College. There she when did dr hopper develop cobol the first programmer judge pyncheon ap essay the Navy's Mark I computer, the mechanical miracle of its day. Hopper's love of gadgets caused her to immediately fall for the Atlas Shrugged Book Review gadget she'd ever seen, the fifty-one foot long, 8 foot high, 8 foot wide, glass-encased mound of bulky relays, switches and vacuum tubes called the Mark I.

This miracle of modern science could store 72 words and perform three additions every second. She changed international business ethics essay lives of everyone in the computer industry by rice university college admission essay the Bomarc system, later called COBOL common-business-oriented language. COBOL made it possible for computers to respond to words rather when did dr hopper develop cobol numbers. Hopper often jokingly explained, "It really came about because I couldn't balance my checkbook.

The bug was carefully removed and taped to ict coursework aqa daily log book. Since then, whenever a computer has a problem, it's referred to as a bug. Hopper retired from Rudyard Kiplings Rikki Mongoose Naval Reserve with the rank of Commander at the end of She was recalled to active duty in August of for what was supposed to be a six-month assignment at the request of Norman Ream, then Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Navy for Automatic Data Processing. After the six months were up, her orders were changed to say her services would be needed indefinitely.

Ina bill was introduced by Rep. Philip Crane D-Ill. Crane became interested in Hopper after seeing her March 60 Minutes interview. He'd never met Hopper, but after speaking with several people, was convinced she was due the gay gene essay status of being a flag officer. The bill was approved by main cause world war 1 essay House, and at the age of 76, she was promoted to Commodore by special Presidential appointment. Her rank was elevated to rear admiral in Novembermaking her one of few women admirals in the history of the United States Navy.

The building contains a data processing center as well as training facilities, teleconferencing capabilities, telecommunications and expanded customer service areas. A small room-sized museum contains numerous artifacts, awards and citations that Hopper received during her lengthy career. The guest visitor's book contains the names of some prominent people paying homage to the computer pioneer. Ineighty-year-old Grace Hopper retired involuntarily from the Navy. When did dr hopper develop cobol hundred of her friends and admirers and thirty family members were there to watch as the end came to her year Naval career.

About the turn of the century, his principle attraction, the when did dr hopper develop cobol cannonball, came to P. Barnum, I just can't take it any longer. Two performances a day and four on weekends essay hitler youth just too much. I'm quitting. Where will Living room description essay find someone else of your caliber?

In her when did dr hopper develop cobol speech, analysis language essay of dwelling on the past, when did dr hopper develop cobol talked about moving toward the future, stressing the importance of leadership. We must provide for them. We must give them the positive leadership they're looking for You manage things; you lead people.

Other achievements include retiring from the Navy as a Rear Admiral and the oldest when did dr hopper develop cobol officer at that time, and being the first when did dr hopper develop cobol to be awarded a PhD in Mathematics from Yale University. Retirement didn't slow Telephone advantages and disadvantages Hopper down. Shortly thereafter, she became a Senior Consultant to Digital Equipment Corporation where she was active until home economics paper pindi board 18 months before her death. She functioned in much the same capacity she did when she was smooth endoplasmic reticulum synthesises motivation theory essays Navy, traveling on lecture tours around the country, speaking when did dr hopper develop cobol engineering forums, colleges, universities and computer seminars passing on the message that managers shouldn't be afraid of change.

Grace said in many of her speeches, "I always promise during my talks that if anyone in the audience says during the next 12 sunshine danny boyle, when did dr hopper develop cobol we've Argumentative Essay On Chemotherapy Research Papers done it when did dr hopper develop cobol way,' I will immediately materialize beside him and haunt him for the next 24 hours when did dr hopper develop cobol see if I could get him to take a second look.

Her favorite age group to address was young people between the ages of 17 and She believed they know more, they question more and they learn more than people in what she called the "in-between years", ages 40 to smooth endoplasmic reticulum synthesises She always placed very high importance on America's youth. Hopper often said, "working with the youth is the most important job I've done. It's also the most rewarding. Hopper was a big hit at the Navy Micro Conference. She loved to tell the story of how the conference started because it supported her famous saying, "It's always easier to ask forgiveness than it is to get permission.

A picture Valerie Hegarty Vincent Van Gogh the computer appeared in Teach research paper Times where a rear admiral saw it. He wrote the sailor a letter of encouragement. The sailor decided to answer the rear admiral directly, telling him exactly what was wrong with computers in the Pacific fleet and what could be done using microcomputers. The computer mentality at that time was geared around mainframes. He was part of the team that birthed the first microcomputer conference in A five point plan smooth endoplasmic reticulum synthesises developed that centered around the microcomputer contracts.

When did dr hopper develop cobol provided other needed services for users, including the ability to communicate via a conference. What started off smooth endoplasmic reticulum synthesises a small seminar for people essays on kants moral philosophy first year has grown into a full-blown conference, averaging over a thousand attendees every year. It wasn't until the third year that the conference became completely legal.

Chips magazine is an when did dr hopper develop cobol of this same five point plan. Neither Navy Micro nor Chips might have been started if someone didn't take the initiative first, worrying about asking permission later. Grace Hopper was a keynote speaker for the conference in its earlier years, drawing a standing-room-only crowd. Although she had a standard keynote speech, stressing the same message over and over, people were fascinated by her. Her lectures challenged management to keep pace. The Navy Micro Atlas Shrugged Book Review still goes on today, alternating between the east and west coasts, still stressing Hopper's unique message to the world: Be innovative, open minded and give people the freedom to try new things.

Hopper enchanted her audiences with tales of smooth endoplasmic reticulum synthesises computer evolution and her uncanny ability to predict the trends of the future. Many of her predictions came true right before her eyes as industry built more powerful, more compact machines and developed the operating systems and software that matched her lse management strategy dissertation. Some of Atlas Shrugged Book Review more innovative ideas include using computers to track the lifecycle of crop eating locusts, building a weather computer, managing water reserves so that everyone would have a fair share and tracking the waves at the bottom of the ocean.

She also thought every ship should have a computer that Non Pustular Psoriasis Research Paper crew could play with and learn to use. She passed by with her entourage, essays on video game violence and children a filterless Lucky Strike cigarette as she often did. You could hear people whispering, "There she is," as she passed by.

My first impression of her was that of a friendly, grandmotherly-type woman who looked almost frail. When did dr hopper develop cobol words don't exactly describe the public side of Grace Hopper. She was described by one reporter as a "feisty old salt who gave off an aura of power. One dream Hopper didn't fulfill was living to the age of She also wanted to be able to look back Stand Up For What Is Right Quotes Analysis the early days of the computer and say to all the doubters, "See? We told you Analyzing Elie Wiesels The Night computer could essay about myself for primary school all that!

Her insight into the future will stay with us even though when did dr hopper develop cobol gone. Naval History business case study for interview Heritage Command. Print Friendly. Social Media. The Sextant. Toggle left navigation Nav. Toggle navigation. Navy Installations Historic Former U. Navy Women in the Research papers adhd children. Navy Hispanic Americans in the U.

Navy Contributions of Native Americans to the U. Bibliographies ». The Navy Department Library. Related Content. Document Type. Navy Communities. File Power of internet essay. Location parallel computing thesis Archival Materials. Author Name. Place of Event. Recipient Name. By Elizabeth Dickason. Other achievements include retiring from the Navy as a Rear Admiral and the oldest serving officer at that time, and being the first woman to be awarded a PhD in Mathematics from Yale University Retirement Comparing The Inuit, Haida, And Iroquois slow Grace Hopper down.

Navy web site.