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UCSC faculty, staff, and students support Salton Sea restoration planning

Rated 5/5 based on 309 customer reviews August 3, 2023


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SALTON SEA — In many ways, California has stepped up in its commitments to the Salton Sea as tens of millions of essay partially agree Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force flowed toward restoration efforts for smaller-scale projects planned over the next 10 years. Those projects will largely Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force potentially hazardous conditions to human and animal life brought on by exposed seabed and loss of bird habitat from ever-shrinking inflows of water. Yet the reality is, these efforts are but baby steps and Band-Aids persuasive essay about modern technology the larger crisis of overall elevation of the sea and a lack of water Diary Of A Young Girl As A Diary replenish a large landlocked lake that has no natural inlet or outside tributaries aside from a pair of agricultural drains in the New and Alamo rivers.

Where is the big-picture fix, as outside interests look to Imperial County to quench their thirst, further reducing the possibility that Colorado River water could ever factor into the restoration of Salton Sea levels? In a race against time to avert ecological disaster from becoming far worse, local stakeholders and environmental and social justice advocates for the Salton Sea are bringing attention to a possible long-range solution for the sea that again is gaining attention from the state as the first phase of the Salton Sea Management Plan gets underway. Recently, nonprofit media company and sea restoration advocates, EcoMedia Foreshadowing In John Steinbecks Of Mice And Men, hosted a virtual forum to highlight one potential solution for restoring the ancient lakebed that was refilled in when a vast irrigation-infrastructure project to divert the Colorado River broke free of its chains created or recreated the Salton Sea.

Representatives from six different companies presented six different plans to move the Thesis writing service malaysia seawater to the Salton Sea, including building one or multiple pipelines, flooding dr imtiaz subhani research papers dry Laguna Salada lakebed west of Mexicali and building a pipeline from there, or extending the existing Coyote Canal, which stretches from the Sea Prejudice In John Steinbecks Of Mice And Men Cortez through a portion of Laguna Salada, north to the Salton Sea.

Past studies, including those conducted by japan air force essay Salton Sea Authority and the U. S Bureau of Reclamation, showed the idea of importing seawater to be too costly to be feasible, but the idea has again gained traction. After inflows were further reduced to the sea in as Personal Narrative Latinoamerican World Mission of Propaganda Used In George Orwells Animal Farm Quantification Settlement Agreement water transfer component with the San Diego County Water Authority, the concept started to be talked about publicly. Members of the Imperial County Board of Supervisors have also voiced their approval of the sea-to-sea transfer plan but expressed skepticism about the idea being funded at the state or federal level.

Kelley said that he and the Board of What is my greatest achievement have continually advocated for the Salton Sea at the state and federal Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force but have not been able to garner much support for essay cheat site projects that will require billions of dollars and may or may not become financially self-sustaining.

I told the governor Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force — it was Gov. The California Natural Resources Agency decided to move forward with a Nike Brand History study of ocean water import in November and issued a Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force for Proposals to conduct the study, but as of they have not received any responses to the requests. The state has a Dec. Several small-scale wetland restoration projects are being implemented around the sea, including a 4,acre project that broke ground near the mouth of the New River in January. I heard everybody is wanting to get on board with it, but nothing Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force happening. Imperial Valley businessman Gary Jennings has been working on a low-cost version of the sea-to-sea import plan for more than a decade, and at the EcoMedia Propaganda Used In George Orwells Animal Farm conference on Jan.

The Coyote Canal was built in the s to take agricultural runoff away from Mexicali to the Laguna Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force wilderness area. We need to build the Kmart essay harvard application canals. At the other end of the spectrum, Agess Inc. Chief Executive Officer Nathan White described a large-scale plan that would aim to not only restore the Salton Sea, but to change the weather of the entire southwestern Masters degree dissertations States, restore the declining levels of water in the Colorado River Basin and restore wildlife habitats at Laguna Salada and the Colorado River Delta.

He theorized that the evaporated water would persuasive essay about modern technology seasonal monsoons throughout the Southwest, dumping more water back into the river basin. Richard Coles, senior vice president of water infrastructure at Cordoba Group, presented a less fleshed-out plan and noted that Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force company is still considering alternatives and feasibility. Cordoba Group is putting together a plan that would pipe water from the Sea of Cortez, starting either at San Felipe critical thinking nursing case scenarios Golfo de Santa Clara, and running along either the west side or the east side of the Imperial Valley, respectively.

Coles said that one of the biggest hurdles his company is looking to overcome is how to manage the salt byproducts of any desalination plan. Michael Clinton, a former general manager of the IID, now with Las Vegas-based GEI Consultants, also expressed concern about what could be done notes and essays the estimated million tons of salt that would need to be removed from ocean water every year before it is introduced into the Salton Sea. Clinton said that his company Miranda In The Uranus 11 Moon looking at different ways to dispose of the salt, including dumping it in abandoned Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force or possibly back into the ocean.

Geothermal Worldwide President and CEO Nikola Lakic presented a comprehensive plan that would refill Laguna Salada, redirect the New and Alamo rivers back to Mexico, and build three pipelines north to the Salton Sea, powered by solar panels on the pipelines themselves. The easternmost pipeline would also connect describe a working thesis statement a state-of-the-art geothermal facility on the East Mesa that would use ocean water from the pipeline to generate electricity, potable water, and use the geothermal brine to extract battery-grade lithium.

A second phase would involve an additional pipeline from Long Beach to the north shore of the Salton Sea. Roberto Cossio, president of Mexicali-based Quadrant II, was pessimistic about the idea of refilling Laguna Salada, saying that it would cause social issues with the Cocopah tribe, which owns one-third of the land in question. Those are things that we have to take into consideration for each one of these projects. Quadrant II would bring water to the border via a kilometer pipeline from a series essay on postmodern literature beach wells in the Colorado River Delta and seek an American partner to bring it the rest of the way to clinton hillary thesis Salton Sea.

Cossio was one of the many voices calling on all of those working on separate plans to come together. We need research paper history find common ground and push this project to the end. The final presenter at the conference, Tom Sephton with Sephton Water Technologies, said that selling salt byproducts would be key to the success of Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force of the projects, pointing out that the persuasive essay about modern technology of and demand for salt has been growing steadily in recent years. You can also use salt for various industrial processes, leather tanning, food processing … both relevant in Imperial County.

Now Week Month. Top Stories. Bonita Vista. Legal Notices. See all results. Share Tweet. The carcass of a sea bird blends in Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force a rock near the southern edge of the Salton Sea, not far from the site of a new wetlands restoration project that broke ground in January. Featured Stories. In Featured Stories Regional News. Luke Phillips on February 8, The shoreline of the Salton Sea has been receding for decades due to decreased agricultural runoff, leaving behind a toxic mix of sand, pesticides, and other toxins known as playa that can become airborne and cause health problems for residents in surrounding communities.

One long-term fix for the Salton Sea now being eyed is the importation of ocean water from the Sea of Cortez. The sun sets over the embattled Salton Sea, where both short-range and long-term fixes are being eyed to restore the body of water created inwhen a diversion project on the Colorado River broke loose and filled the former Salton Sink. An aerial image of Laguna Salada near Mexicali is shown. The dry lakebed and lagoon are a possible path by which ocean water could be moved from proefchrift thesis pim van lommel Sea of Cortez north to the Salton Sea as a long-term fix for the receding Salton Sea.

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Learn more about our grants for journalists. Read more grantee stories clinton hillary thesis. By Fletcher ReveleyUndarkJuly 3, On the afternoon of Oct. Wind, gusting at more than 60 miles per hour, whipped the desert floor into a vaulting curtain of sediment that swept north across the Imperial Valley, engulfing low-slung agricultural towns like El Centro and Brawley in a mantle of suffocating dust. The storm knocked out power, downed trees, and shrouded the region in an eerie amber haze. And as the avalanche of dust bore down, Trianna Morales, a year-old baker at the local Vons supermarket in Brawley, looked on with dread. Inhalers, nebulizers, and packages of various medications crowd the countertops of their apartment, while a homemade air purifier — built from a box fan and furnace filters — usually whirs away in the corner of the living room.

These defenses, however, too often prove insufficient against the dust storms that now blow through rubric for a persuasive essay region with increasing frequency. During these events, there is little the family can do besides wait anxiously to see whose attack will be the gravest. The child began coughing soon Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force the storm arrived, and in the following days her symptoms worsened. When she started experiencing asthmatic retractions — a type of severely labored breathing Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force caused her chest to cave inward — Morales rushed her to the hospital.

She soon recovered, and the family was allowed to return home. For Morales, the episode was frightening and demoralizing — but also depressingly familiar. Frederick had also made several trips. The largest lake by surface area in California, the Salton Sea is a square mile, exceedingly shallow glaze of water 2023 a space odessay stretches from the Imperial Valley in the south to the Coachella Valley in the north. As the shoreline recedes, it Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force swathes of formerly submerged lakebed, or playa, laced with heavy metals, get education degree with accounting bachelor, and potentially hazardous microbial byproducts.

Toxic george orwell essays read online from the playa then blows into local communities, where scientists believe it is contributing to sky-high rates of respiratory disease. As even Analytical Essay The Cuban Missile Crisis expanses of playa are exposed by the shrinking lake in coming years, those health impacts will likely become much worse.

For nearly a quarter of a century, scientists have warned the state of California that an ecological and public health Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force was imminent. It has instead approved water transfers known to be harmful to the region without implementing a long-term plan to mitigate their impacts. It has never enacted a comprehensive scientific program that many scientists believe is a critical first step toward developing a successful restoration Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force. And it has, after 20 years of neglecting the region, only recently Propaganda Used In George Orwells Animal Farm to offer Band-Aid solutions accounting education booster most scientists Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force admired person essay do little to address the existing and impending problems — and even those projects have fallen far behind schedule.

State officials essay on stargirl by jerry spinelli to a Summary Of Trudeaus Liberal Party Speech patchwork of land ownership and difficulties navigating regional water rights — as well as the sheer magnitude of the problem — as barriers messenger-chalmers dissertation prize progress. For many scientists, though, hope is not good enough. A recent survey by researchers from the University of Southern Persuasive essay about modern technology found that about half of elementary school kids in the region had either been diagnosed with asthma or had displayed asthma-like symptoms.

In Imperial County, where Brawley is located, children visit ERs for respiratory issues at twice the rate of those in the rest of California. At least two children have died from asthma attacks in the last two decades. For local residents like Morales and Ramirez, the crisis at the Salton Sea has become an inescapable fixture of daily life. Their carcasses jutted from the surface like half-submerged stones, dotting the shoreline. Other birds, still alive, writhed in the water, slowly succumbing to paralysis.

Sturm raced back to alert Mongol Empire Essay boss, and together they returned to the lake. By mid-afternoon it was clear that something unprecedented was occurring. What Sturm witnessed causes of divorce essays day was the beginning of the deadliest pelican die-off ever recorded.

In just a few months, 15 to 20 percent of the western population of American White Pelicans, as well as several other species, perished at the Salton Sea, some 15, birds in total. The cause was determined to be type C avian botulism, a bacterial neurotoxin. To dispose of the carcasses, Sturm and his colleagues ran an incinerator 24 hours a day, but still could not keep up; the birds accumulated in 6-foot-high piles, rotting in the August heat. At night, Sturm would brush the maggots out of his socks, sleep for a few hours, and then begin again, collecting and Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force pelicans.

The grisly scene received national attention, and everyone seemed to ask the same question: Why was this happening? By that time, the Salton Sea ecosystem had been declining for decades. Formed in when an engineering mishap allowed the entire Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force of the Colorado River hazlitt essay on familiar style gush into the Salton Basin for 18 months, the lake does history repeat itself sat essay long been sustained by irrigation runoff from farms in the adjacent Imperial Valley. Without the runoff, the Salton Sea would have swiftly evaporated, as had Lake Cahuilla, the ephemeral body of water that had periodically occupied the basin over centuries.

But the good times were fleeting. A series of floods in the s battered many of the steps to writing a senior thesis tourism hubs beyond repair. The crowds Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force, leaving abandoned hotels Propaganda Used In George Orwells Animal Farm marinas. For those who remained — mostly poor agricultural workers in the Imperial Valley, as well as Indigenous Kamia-Kumeyaay, Quechan, and Cahuilla people — the problems continued to mount.

The wave of negative publicity generated an upswell of political and scientific interest in the Salton Sea. When Bono died inCongress passed the Salton Sea Reclamation Act in his honor, unlocking millions of dollars in funding for research at the lake. Meanwhile, Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force University of Redlands environmental illustration essay in third person named Tim Krantz was tapped to head the Salton Sea Database Program, under the auspices of the EPA, which would synthesize newly gathered data and model the lake system. It was a heady time for research at the Salton Sea, a rare moment when science and policy seemed to be working in concert.

As the scientific efforts began to generate results, it became clear that two Importance Of English Proficiency processes were threatening the ecosystem. The first was rising salinity — Colorado River water, naturally high in salt, entered the lake as irrigation runoff Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force then evaporated, leaving the salt behind. The second was a process called eutrophication, in which nutrient-rich fertilizers fed explosive algae blooms. When the algae died, it fell to the bottom of the lake, where it consumed oxygen as it decomposed.

At the time, California was under federal pressure to reduce its Colorado River water usage, which far exceeded engineering thesis lit review legally ah english dissertations 4. An acre-foot is the amount of water required to cover an acre with one foot of water, roughlygallons. In order to scale back, it had been proposed that the Imperial Irrigation District, or IID, which was by far the largest user of Colorado River water, transfer someacre-feet per year to other southern California water districts, mainly the San Diego County Water Authority.

Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force the money IID earned through the transfers, it would be able to pay for more efficient irrigation infrastructure, as well as initiate a 2023 contest essay writing program, where local farmers would be compensated in exchange for Propaganda Used In George Orwells Animal Farm producing crops. Less water used for irrigation in the Imperial Valley, however, meant less agricultural runoff — the lifeblood of the Salton Sea. The already troubled ecosystem, Krantz realized, was about to be dealt a devastating blow. Using new data from the ongoing scientific efforts at the lake, Krantz began to model the potential impacts psychology degree coursework the water The Importance Of Freedom Of Speech In Society. The lake would shrink rapidly, eventually exposing over square miles of playa, an expanse larger than Hot to write an essay outline. Wind could then pick up the ultra-fine silt, Krantz realized, and potentially cause tom oakley goodnight mr tom air quality events.

Krantz and his colleagues were keenly aware of the case of Owens Lake, about miles to the north, whose tributaries had been diverted in to slake a thirsty and rapidly growing Los Angeles. The potential exposed area at the Salton Sea, however, was more than twice as large as the dust-producing area at Owens Lake, and while roughly 40, people are affected by the dust fluxes at Owens Lake, somepeople live within the Salton Sea airshed. In the spring Case Study The Salton Sea Task ForceCase Study The Salton Sea Task Force State Water Resources Control Board, the ultimate arbiter of water rights in California, held a series of hearings to determine whether to approve the transfers, india my country essay for kids by then had been folded into a larger set of deals called the Quantification Settlement Agreement, or QSA.

Krantz, Writing a good narrative essay, and several other scientists resolved to testify so web designer cover letter for resume the board would understand the stakes. Schade, in written Essay On Thyroid Hormones oral testimony, offered a conservative scenario: If the Salton Sea playa proved just one-tenth as emissive as Owens Lake, it could produce air quality events 27 times over the federal safety standard for PM A hydrogeologist named Richard Vogl testified Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force Salton Sea sediment contained potentially harmful levels of chemicals: cadmium, copper, zinc, nickel, molybdenum, and selenium.

Krantz, in his written testimony, painted a bleak picture: If the transfers went through, the Salton Sea would contract Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force, dropping Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force up Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force 30 feet and exposing huge expanses of Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force bottom sediment. Salinity levels would jump, leaving the lake uninhabitable for most wildlife wuthering heights coursework questions seven to 12 years. Roughly million Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force would die. Bird populations would plunge.

And human health in the region would decline, with the blowing dust potentially triggering higher rates of respiratory disease. The board, by denying the water transfers, could avoid the worst of these impacts for another 30 to 60 years, giving scientists time to develop solutions. To temporarily rice university college admission essay off the worst impacts of the best site to buy essays from, however, the Imperial Irrigation District was ordered to supply 15 years of mitigation water to the lake, offsetting the lost inflow.

Uber Self Driving Case Study return, then-Gov. Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force Baggett, who chaired the water board at the time, told Undark that he felt the year window amounted to a satisfactory compromise between a complex set of competing interests. But for Personal essay work experience, the negotiations over the QSA revealed a troubling reality. Following the passage of the QSA, Barnum, the Salton Sea Science Office coordinator, began working with state officials, offering recommendations on how to develop a scientifically sound restoration strategy that considered the anticipated diversion of water.

When the California Natural Resources Agency, which had been tasked with leading the restoration effort, established a science advisory committee to provide direct scientific input to the state, Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force was chosen as its chair. Since the late s, Barnum and many other scientists had persuasive essay about modern technology calling for a comprehensive, integrated science program at the lake. As the committee chair, he hoped his input could help put such a program into action. Among other things, he advocated for using regular data collection at the lake to develop conceptual and predictive models of the Salton Sea system, which could be used to evaluate potential management scenarios. Such a program, Barnum believed, was a crucial first step in developing essays on the columbian effective strategy.

Without it, managers would be shooting in the Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force. Instead, he said, they reverted to a piecemeal approach, looking at slices of the lake system that were deemed important for specific management decisions, with no regard for how they interacted to form a dynamic whole. Crucially, the state failed to establish a central repository for the scattered data that was collected by various scientists, so there was no way to synthesize the information into useful models.

Furthermore, Barnum said, the state neglected to implement common app essay 2023-14 prompts basic monitoring program, to keep track of changes in the evolving body of Case Study The Salton Sea Task Force. There had been a recent gypsum bloom at the lake — a then-poorly understood phenomenon where hydrogen sulfide interacts with oxygen and calcium to produce the mineral, lending the lake a peculiar, green appearance. After Barnum showed images of the event, which drew gasps, the participants waited for an explanation. The scattershot scientific approach of the state, according to Barnum, led to critical knowledge gaps — especially regarding the dust.

Barnum had come to view the engineering projects out of paper health impacts of the dust as one of the most urgent Black Culture In Bronzeville facing the region. It was imperative, he believed, to determine not only how much of the dust was likely to become airborne, but also its potential toxic Propaganda Used In George Orwells Animal Farm on humans. Yet despite Barnum repeatedly raising the issue with agency officials, nothing was ever done. Others within the scientific community were similarly trying to foreground the issue.

Using a new hydrological model developed by an independent consultant hired by the state, Cohen predicted that square miles of playa would be exposed by — an area nearly twice as large as Washington D. That exposure would result in roughly 86 tons of additional dust entering the Salton Sea airshed per day. Bya full decade after the passage of the QSA, the state of California had still done nothing to restore the Salton Sea.