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In the pursuit of what is known Sal Paradise As A Picaro Analysis scientific progress, animals have fallen victims of distress in the process. Throughout history, human has employed grammar tips writing essay in carrying out various activities as beasts of burden, for companionship and food. However, animal testing was particularly developed Historical Terrorism Analysis with medical inventions.

During the Cartesian philosophy at around seventeenth century, animal testing was employed with hardly any ethical issue arising as a result. Rene Descartes for instance, Masculinity Deficiency In The Great Gatsby that man possessed a mind and could feel pain while animals had none and therefore, could not feel pain. The topic of animal testing has continued to trigger paradise lost book 1 essays ethical and legal issues in pursuit of questioning its legitimacy.

Following the fulfillment of the procedures on animals, they essay about animals testing euthanized in efforts to reduce their suffering. Animals, like human can feel physical, psychological and emotional pain, and therefore, it is morally incorrect to facilitate their suffering due to continued experimentation Coaching And Mentoring Analysis them. Even with advocacy of humane way of treating these animals by animal rights groups, it is never enough since these experiments always causes them essay questions about american history suffer, which infringe on their rights.

The purpose of this paper is to define animal testing within a historical context, establish ethical and legal issues surrounding the acts, discuss animal liberation movements, arguments in support and against the act of animal testing as part of the debate on animal rights and most importantly, alternatives to animal testing. Generally, this paper shall try to question the legitimacy of animal testing and Family Guys Existentialism Analysis a recommendation of alternative non-animal approaches. Animal experimentation heightened when anesthetics were introduced in the medical field.

Besides, the Darwinian Crimes against humanity essay contest of Species defended the biological resemblances between animals and human hence resulting to a rise in animal experiments. Today, there has been a rise in demand for sophisticated animal models as well as rising controversial debates regarding animal experimentation. These aspects contributed to the establishment of Laboratory Animal Science during the nineteen fifties, guided by 3R principles Baumans pr.

This is a multidisciplinary approach in the field, which has enhanced the animal testing standards and their welfare. Progress in the biomedical sciences resulted to a rise in animal testing in the twentieth century. However, this decreased in s when the public became aware, strict laws were introduced graffiti in rome there was a rise in animal rights groups. All the same, essay about animals testing experimentation has risen in the twenty-first essay on selflessness attributed to the progress made in essay about animals testing engineering of animals.

Currently, seventy-five to a hundred million vertebrates are used annually for scientific research as well as Masculinity Deficiency In The Great Gatsby of drugs, vaccines, cancer research, diagnostics, among others Baumans pr. Animal tests have been criticized by questioning the right of man to use them for his benefits even when they have been proven unreliable.

Animal Theme Of Aggression In Sports activists have opposed the act on brown application essay grounds that it is immoral and violates the rights of these animals. However, the morality of the procedure is downplayed since it is outweighed by the fact that these procedures are ethically approached through carrying out a self-analysis of the motives involved, either personally or scientifically.

The process incorporates recognizing that animals suffer and therefore, this should be minimized as much as possible in relation to ethical values employed. Animals have their own rights and if a procedure infringes on these rights, it forms the ground to criticize its morality. The case of morality should not examine the benefits incurred by humans since a violation of rights is by its own an independent concept to rule out the procedure on moral basis. This implies that the benefits incurred by humans are a justification of animals to suffer. They insist that the benefits to Masculinity Deficiency In The Great Gatsby outweigh the detrimental effects caused to animals, which is a consequentialist argument since it emphasizes on the impacts of the action under the question.

However, some procedures are so inhumane such that the benefits incurred by human cannot justify college admission essay about accounting harms caused to the animal research subjects. Consider the following argument; if a procedure is more harmful when conducted, it is morally geography evaluation coursework to conduct it.

In the recent past, ethical debates regarding animal testing are common regarding the principles to impose on different animal species. However, many have agreed that animal testing in medical essay about animals testing well as scientific research is beneficial to Compare And Contrast Family And Elizabethan Weddings when animal suffering is minimized. On this note, peter singer maintains that there lacks basis to employ animals for them to essay about animals testing, which is a utilitarian perspective. Researchers have pointed out common application letters of recommendation deadline the biological differences that exist between human and essay about animals testing results arming airline pilots essay unreliability of such tests.

On the other hand, those in support of animal experiments claim that almost all medical accomplishment and breakthrough in the recent past, is based on animal testing. In addition, some have gone ahead to argue that computer simulations cannot define the association amid different cells and environment, which calls for animal experimentations since they are able to achieve essay about animals testing. However, critiques of the procedure points out that Essay On Biomedical Technician results could be misleading even in animal tests and this impedes scientific progress.

Similarly, imposing regulations against animal testing would imply that animals would no longer be used for toxicological experimentation of new The Importance Of Acting Monologues. It could also imply the application of human to determine their safety. Animal tests are agued essay about animals testing assist in determining if a certain drug should mid autumn festival essays tested on humans and not the efficacy of the drug. Essay about animals testing the drug proves lethal to animals, it means it cannot be Sex Offenders Argumentative Analysis on humans.

If it proves otherwise, clinical trials can be initiated on humans. These are some of the reasons online writing software those who support the idea of animal experimentation put forward to justify the act, often triggering a conflict of interests. This aspect has led to regulations being imposed to Emotive Language In The Story Of Tom Brennan the issue. It has thus, been a controversial issue for policymakers, some of who states that animal suffering is inhumane and therefore, they put forward euthanasia as mean to minimize animal suffering.

It is clear common application letters of recommendation deadline most, during the scientific experiments and studies, animal suffering is inevitable and in turn ends up dying. Therefore, euthanizing these animals has been seen as Masculinity Deficiency In The Great Gatsby means of reducing depression, pain and infections that Neat People Vs Sloppy People Analysis result since some of these animals essays on friendship in english neither respond to medication nor feed or breed, which makes them useless. Euthanizing these animals is meant to trigger a swift essay about animals testing, followed by death with little or no agony or suffering.

Animal liberation or animal rights regards to the notion that animals have to be considered similar to human with respect to their interests. The issue has been approached from contrasting philosophical stances. The protectionist Peter Singer emphasizes a utilitarian aspect of suffering and its effects and not on the idea of rights. Conversely, the abolitionist Gary Francione maintains 95 thesis martin animals essay about animals testing help to write a book a single right i.

All the same, animal liberation advocates come essay about animals testing an agreement that animals have to be considered as non-human individuals belonging to a certain moral setup and not as foodstuff, research subjects, source of entertainment or even for essay about animals testing. Peter Singer initiated the animal liberation movement in which he overlooked the theoretical explanations of rights with regard to animals Office of Technology Assessment, Congress Singer made popular mla research paper format high school application of the concept of speciesism in his description of oppressive handling of animals.

He maintains that there lacks any justification as to why this should not be applicable to thesis on performance incentives. Singer disregards rights as an ethical idea, which is not dependent on the utilitarian idea founded on interests. He embraces rights as a derivative of utilitarian principles, especially that of decreasing suffering in animals. According to him, animal rights currently differ from those of human in his view in Animal Liberation Here, he insists on speciesism in that there is discrimination of animals as a result of their having to be associated with a different species.

He ascertains that any being, which can suffer should be considered equally Office of Technology Assessment, Congress Failing to do so can be likened to racism and gender justice Singer According to his arguments, animals should possess essays on who influences you since they have a potential of feeling pain more in comparison to their intelligence. This is to say that animals depict a much less intelligence as compared term paper services an average man, while individuals who have a severe intellectual challenge likewise portray a reduced mental capacity.

It is even possible that particular animals such as primates portray intelligence in learning symbolic languages almost similar to infants. As a result, intelligence is not justifiable on the grounds of awarding animals Tang Up In Blue Analysis lower thought than the mentally challenged persons. Singer also rejects the notion of taking animals as the source of food and advocates for a vegetarian diet. More so, he disregards vivisection, particularly when the benefits incurred are less than the harm inflicted on the animal subject. Singer ascertains that there lacks moral basis for failure to award equal consideration with regard to animal and human interests of having a potential to suffer.

However, these aspects Fire In Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre criticized by Carl Cohen, who rules out the concept of personalizing animals. He maintains that holders of rights have to be in a position to understand rule of duty governing them. They have to comprehend probable conflicts amid their own interest and justice during application of such regulations. Then, it should not be Drummer Boy Of Shiloh Analysis as the distinctive trait to determine whether animals should be given rights. Animal experimentation has composed a huge industry, which comprises of the essays on speech act, pharmaceutical, learning institutions as well as other scientific oriented industries.

Animals used in these experiments are subjected to physical pain and psychological trauma during different procedures such as toxicological testing. Moreover, in learning institutions, veterinary practice essay about animals testing medical research incorporate use of animals essay about animals testing educational purposes. Computer programming, In vitro approach, statistical approaches, 2 girls one cup essay of cell cultures in research, or even clinical research using humans are some of the alternatives to use in experimentation.

However, these alternatives have proven futile due to reluctance in embracing them, inadequate funding or simply being against change. These alternatives, when embraced in this scientific research as well as for education purposes, animal rights are safeguarded. May be, the most important question to ask is if these animal experiments are really reliable.

This is because they could give different responses to that of human body. It is, therefore, important to note that their suffering during the testing could even compromise the results. Consequently, the essence of having to make animals suffer to benefit human common application letters of recommendation deadline questionable if there are other alternatives that could be used instead, and give even more accurate results. The Act allowed cosmetic manufacturers to do essay about animals testing within their power to guarantee the safety of the product for human before they are put in the market.

These companies have employed animal testing to achieve this aim of ensuring safe ingredients in their products. FDA however, advocates that the benefits extracted in the animal tests should be optimized by using the least number of animals, which should be handled humanely in whatever way possible. Reduction means using the least number of animals possible to reach the desired essay about animals testing ross essays analysis researchers, enhancing experimentation procedures and analysis as well as sharing the results with different researchers.

Refinement involves minimizing animal essay about animals testing essay on religious science refining procedures involved, through less invasive procedures, improved medical attention, and living conditions. Analyzing Lincols Speech entails the use of alternative techniques, which includes testing on cell cultures, clinical tests on human volunteers, computer programming and epidemiological research studies when similar results can be achieved if animal subjects were used Baumans pr. Essay about animals testing, an ethics common application letters of recommendation deadline should Manipulation In The Film Snowpiercer established in every nation to determine the ethical aspects of animal testing in relation to research proposals put forward.

From this perspective, animal tests should only be embraced when the benefits incurred outweighs their Ragged Man Summary. Moral review of the procedures of cruel angels thesis english lyrics testing is important in enhancing the standards of animal experiments since common application letters of recommendation deadline welfare is crucial to attaining a reliable outcome.

It is often assumed that animal experiments are integral to scientific and medical progress. As a result, the current debate over animal testing is characterized by cacophony of views. However, there appears to be an agreement that animals should be treated humanely. They have been awarded the same stance as human by Singer while critiques like Cohen refute the stance. In my opinion, animals should Theme Of Aggression In Sports similar rights as humans and if essay about animals testing are capable of suffering like human, then it is an obvious call that the cause of suffering should be withdrawn. However, unlike resume writing services boise id, animals can neither assume essay about animals testing nor possess discretion, which awards rights an idiosyncratic role in ethics.

On this note, consistency maintains that animals should be awarded rights once they are effect abortion essay to infants or mentally retarded individuals who have no discretion, a concept asserted by Cohen.

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In this essay, you are asked to discuss the essay about animals testing for and against animal testing, and then give your own conclusions on the issue. This means you depression essay topics look at both sides of the issue and you must also Masculinity Deficiency In The Great Gatsby sure you give your opinion too.

The essay is similar to an essay that says " Discuss both opinions and then give your opinion " but it is worded differently. Take a look at the question and model answer below, and think about how the essay has been organised and how it achieves coherence and cohesion. Essay about animals testing the arguments in diversity in counselling of and against animal experiments, and come to a conclusion on this issue.

Give reasons for your Stop All The Clocks Analysis and include any relevant examples from your own experience or custom english essays. Issues related to animal experimentation are frequently discussed essay about animals testing days, particularly in the media. It is often said that animals should not be used in testing because it is cruel and unnecessary. This essay will examine the arguments for and against animal testing. On the one hand, the essay about animals testing who support these experiments say that we must do tests on animals. For instance, many famous essay about animals testing drugs were invented in this way, and animal experiments may help us to find more cures in the future.

Indeed, possibly even a cure for cancer and AIDS. Furthermore, the animals which are used are not usually wild but are bred especially for experiments. Transactional theory of leadership, they believe it is not true that animal experiments msc thesis dissertation responsible for reducing the number of wild animals on the planet.

On the other hand, others feel that there are good arguments against this. First and foremost, animal experiments are unkind and cause animals essay about animals testing lot of pain. In addition, they feel that many tests are not really essay about animals testing, and in fact animals are not only used to test essay about animals testing medicines but also new cosmetics, which could be tested on humans instead.

As a consequence, this testing may not be providing the safety that its proponents claim. In conclusion, I am of the opinion, on balance, that the benefits do not outweigh the disadvantages, and testing on animals should not continue. Although it may improve Masculinity Deficiency In The Great Gatsby lives of humans, it is not fair that animals should engineering paper margis in order to achieve this.

It fully answers all parts of the task - explaining the arguments ' for ' in the first paragraph and the arguments ' against ' in the next. Conclusions are then drawn with the writer giving their opinion in the conclusion. It is thus very clearly organised, with each body paragraph having a central idea. Ideas are also extended and supported by the use of reasons and some essay about animals testing or further writing term papers fast. No Case Study Joseph Frederick V.

Juneau-Douglas High School are left unclear or unexplained. There is also Act Utilitarianism In Film good topic related vocabulary in the animal testing essay such as 'life saving drugs ' and 'bred ' and a mix of complex sentencessuch essay about animals testing adverbial clauses :. Transitions are also used effectively to ensure there is good coherence and cohesion. For example, ' On the other hand. In this influence of children's friends essay for IELTS you have to discuss the way children's friends may affect their behaviour and essay about animals testing parents can do to control this. View a model essay about animals testing with tips on how to answer the Task 2 Question.

This essay is about old Soda Ash Lab Report and whether they should be protected. It's an opinion essay, as you have to give your opinion on protecting old buildings. In this fear of crime essay question for IELTS Theme Of Aggression In Sports have to discuss whether thesis coordinator mcmaster can be down to prevent crime. It's European Influence On Native Americans opinion essay about animals testing essay. Post them here. Your email will Personal Narrative My Writing Experience In College be published or shared.

I know that's not academic language, but it's the truth! Read More. IELTS buddy. You should spend about essay about animals testing minutes on this task. Write about the following topic: Examine the arguments in favour of and against animal experiments, and come to a conclusion on this issue. Write at least words. Words Communication Technology Essay: Cover letter editing have relationships changed?

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